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Are Pesticides More Dangerous To Reproduction When Found in Pairs? :
A 4 page critique of an article reporting a possible synergistic effect of certain chemicals on mammalian reproduction. Bibliography lists two sources. Bioa.wps

Human Fertilization & Reproduction / What Happens At The Cellular Level ? : A 9 page explorationof the biological mechanisms involved in reproduction and fertilization. Emphasis is on the human reproductive system and fertilization of the human ova. Bibliography lists five sources. Humfert.wps

Polychlorinated Biphenyls / Effects on Reproduction : A 12 page overview of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and their adverse impact on the reproduction of both humans and other animals. Bibliography lists 14 sources. Pcb.wps

Schwann Cells / Their Function & Relationship to Axon Cells : An 8 page overview of Schwann cells and their relationship to axons. Illustrates that Schwann cells are supportive in nature to the neural axons and that each is critical in the passage of information between cells. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Schwannc.wps

The Structure Of Muscle Tissue In Red Vs. White Meat : A 6 page examination of the differences between red and white meat. Emphasizes differences in muscular structure and in the relative presence of iron. Discusses striated and smooth muscle tissue as well as myoglobin and its function in the physiology of animals particularly in the supply and transport of oxygen. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Musclea.wps

The Endocrine System : A 10 page overview of the endocrine system. Includes specific information on the Ovary (follicle and corpus luteum), Testis, Pancreas, Adrenal glands (medulla and cortex), Thymus, Parathyroid gland, Thyroid, Posterior pituitary gland, Anterior pituitary gland, Hypothalamus and the Pineal gland as well as on their function, hormones, and regulators. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Endsys.wps

The Borna Virus / Its Link to Depression in Humans : A 9 page discussion of the Borna virus, an infectuous agent which attacks the central nervous system, and its link to depression and other psychiatric disorders in humans. Presents the most current research on the virus and concludes that, although it is highly probable, no definative proof yet exists which definitively incriminates Borna in human psychiatric disorders. Bornaviru.wps

Catalase -- The Enzyme : A 6 page overview of the enzyme catalase, its function in both the living organism and as an isolated form in commercial applications. Bibliography lists four sources. Catalese.wps

Prions / An Informative Overview : A 5 page examination of the proteanaceous infectious particles which are responsible for the degeneration of brain cells. Concentrates on the replication of these proteins which, unlike living organisms, reproduce in the absence of any genetic material. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Prions.wps

The Neurons of the Bipolar, Unipolar & Multipolar Cells : A 5 page overview of the anatomical makeup and function of these components of our nervous system. Bibliography lists 1 source. Neuron.wps

Neurotransmitters’ Actions : A 6 page paper discussing the role of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, serotonin and acetylcholine in diseases and disorders such as depression, anxiety disorders, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia. Even when absolute cause cannot be determined, it is possible to treat the symptoms of these diseases with compounds that are narrowly targeted to affect the receptors specific for each of the known neurotransmitters. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Neuroact.wps

Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis : A 5 page overview of Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis, its life cycle and its effect on horses. Bibliography lists five sources. Eqenceph.wps

Aviadenovirus : A 5 page overview of the adenoviruses with a particular emphasis on research concerning aviadenovirus, the adenovirus which infects domestic chickens, ducks, turkey, quail and other species of fowl. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Aviad.wps

Escherischia coli : A 5 page paper discussing the biology and effects of E. coli. Bibliography lists three sources. Ecoli.wps

Salmonella : A 5 page discussion of the bacteria found under the genus Salmonella. Includes information on their biology, their method of attack, symptoms and ways to prevent infection. Bibliography lists three sources. Salmone.wps

The Genus Chlamydia / Emphasis On Chlamydia Trachomatis : A five page overview of the Chlamydia genus of bacteria with a particular emphasis on Chlamydia trachomatis the organism which is responsible for nongonococcal urethritis, a common sexually transmitted disease. Bibliography lists four sources. Chlamy.wps

Seahorses / With Particular Emphasis On Hippocampus ingens : A 5 page look at seahorse biology and impacts to their population such as the aquarium and pharmaceutical trades. Includes a particular emphasis on Hippocampus ingens. Bibliography lists twelve sources. Seahorse.wps

Streptococcus mutans / An Overview : A 5 page overview of the polysaccharide-producing, ondopathogenic bacteria Streptococcus mutans. Includes information regarding its involvement in the formation of dental cavities. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Strepto.wps

Contribution of Legionella pneumophilia’s Natural Environment to its Pathogenesis Ability : A 6 page paper discussing the manner in which this organism’s method of survival in nature contributes to its pathogenicity. L. pneumophilia is absolutely an aerobic bacterium. It favors the environment of water where there is the presence also of metal, such as water holding tanks, commercial cooling systems and shower heads, which ultimately could be important in determining its control through methods other than those currently available. An intracellular organism, it is highly adaptable to rapidly changing environmental conditions and shows the greatest affinity for those human cells that most closely match its preferred natural environment. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Patho.wps

Determining Listeria monocytogenes Kill Curves : A 5 page paper describing an experiment designed to result in kill curves for Listeria monocytogenes in orange juice when treated with heat. L. monocytogenes is a relatively rare but potentially deadly food-borne contaminant and is resistant not only to heat, acidity and salt treatment but also is known to thrive at low temperatures that indicate that even refrigeration is not an effective deterrent to its growth. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Listeria.wps

Pseudomonas aeruginosa Genetic Defects and Epithelial Uptake : An 8 page paper discussing the inability of genetically defective P. aeruginosa to successfully invade epithelial cells. A disturbing development of recent years is that many of the old standby antibiotics are no longer having sufficient effect on the old standby bacteria on which they have been used for years for effective control of disease. Genetic mapping of some of the most common disease-causing organisms, however, has led to the ability to genetically alter many disease organisms to the point that their potential virulence is affected. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Pseudo.wps

Superantigens in Disease : A 6 page paper discussing the mechanisms through which superantigens operate. Antigens and superantigens are protein substances produced by viruses and bacteria that trigger the body’s immune system into action. That immune system can degrade most antigens without bringing harm to healthy tissue, but the superantigen is the microbial antigen that is of particularly strong effect. Research has shown that those same mechanisms can be manipulated for the benefit of the individual undergoing procedures such as chemotherapy or victims of autoimmune deficiencies, creating the possibility of a therapeutic strategy from a formerly fully negative occurrence. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Supera.wps

The Bubonic Plague & The Organism Which Causes It / Yersinia Pestis :
A 16 page examination of the bubonic plague, its causative agent and its various forms. Includes information on vectors, treatment, and morphology. Bibliography includes fifteen sources. Bubonorg.wps

Disease - Causing Parasite / Leishmania Donovani : Leishmani Donovani is a parasite carried by flies and known to have wiped out nearly 70% of the population in one region of the Southern Sudan from the late 1980's through the early 1990's. Issues concerning geographic spreading of the parasite & its disease course/symptoms, variations of Leishmania Donovani, etc; -- are examined in this 9 page report. Bibliography lists 9 scholarly sources-- predominately from medical journals. Leishman.wps

Disease - Causing Parasite / Onchocerca Volvulus : 8 pages in length. A detailed discussion of Onchocerca Volvulus, a parasitic worm known to cause "river blindness" and death in certain regions of Africa. The condition caused by this parasite is specifically known as onchocerciasis-- and in this report its range, frequency, symptoms, epidemiology, effects, and clinical diagnosis are examined closely. Projects being undertaken to control the problem are also discussed. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Onchocer.wps

Ebola Hemorrhagic Virus : A 10 page overview of Ebola, its history and its manifestations. Bibliography lists seven sources. Ebolavir.wps

Mad Cow Disease : A 5 page paper that describes the origins and development of bovine spongiform encephalopathy or mad cow disease. This paper provides an overview of the disease and also considers its impact on the development of CJD in humans. Both are related to the epidemic in England in the early 1990s. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Madcow.wps

Escherichia Coli - O157:H7 : A 9 page paper discussing causes, incidence, treatment and prevention of infection caused by E. coli O157:H7. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Ecoli.doc

Liver Histopathology / An Overview : A 5 page overview of normal and abnormal liver function and the determinants of the latter. Emphasizes the effects of alcohol on a liver and describes the effects of cirrhosis of the liver. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Livero.wps

BRCA1 / The Genetic Precursor to Breast and Ovarian Cancer : A 7 page overview of the gene BRCA1 and its potential links to breast and ovarian cancer. Bibliography lists 20 sources. Brstgene.wps

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, Anthrax, and Brucellosis : A 10 page overview of three potentially fatal diseases. Includes their effects on cattle and man as well as discussions on possible treatment methodologies and preventions. Outlines research efforts to develop vaccines and gives an overview of the different types of legislation which has evolved in response to the threat of these and other diseases. Bibliography lists 9 sources. Cowmad.wps

Cow Ticks : 8 pages in length. An in-depth discussion of the problem of cow ticks and their biological manifestation. Social, health, and economic implications are explored against a scientific background. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Cowticks.wps

An Overview Of Biological Warfare / Descriptions Of Anthrax & Ebola :
A 7 page discussion of biological warfare and an overview of ebola and anthrax (mad cow disease), two bacteria commonly used in biological warfare. Bibliography lists ten sources. Biowar.wps

The Necessary View Of Evolutionary Biology : A 5 page paper discussing skepticism levied toward evolutionary biology because of the difficulty in categorizing it. The traits of humans to categorize things and ideas can block recognition of the gains that can be made through evolutionary biology. The common view of the discipline generally falls outside the range of the pure scientific method and lacks the flamboyance required by the arts. The inabilities of those two broad categories to make evolutionary biology into their frames of reference, however, is the fault of those disciplines—not of evolutionary biology. Bibliography lists 3 sources. EvolBiolo.wps

Evolution / Plant & Animal : A 5 page overview of the evolution of plants and animals. Compares and contrasts the evolutionary paths of the first plant and the first animal and traces those paths back to the primordial soup from which that very first organism emerged. Discusses differences in anaerobic and aerobic organisms and details the evolution of mitochondria and chloroplasts. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Planimal.wps

Seed Dormancy / Evolutionary Importance : A 5 page overview of seed dormancy. Relates the importance of dormancy to sustaining the population and to the evolutionary development of a species. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Seeddorm.wps

Effect of Environmental Conditions on the Germination of Erigeron Species : A 15 page scientific report regarding the germination rates of two species of fleabanes, Oregon fleabane (Erigeron speciosus) and Piper’s Daisy (Erigeron piperianus). Provides information regarding the distribution and ecologies of the two species, their importance from both agricultural and ecological standpoints, and information (based on the unpublished work of Ronald J. Burkey at Washington State University Agricultural Research Center in Prosser WA) regarding their relative germinations under varying planting depths, soil types, cold treatment verses no cold treatment, and light exposure verses germination in the dark. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Erigspec.wps

The Bartrams / A Special View of Nature : a 4 page research paper that looks at Thomas P. Slaughter's account of the lives of John and William Bartram--father and son, they were two of America's first horticulturists and botanists. Ahead of their times in many ways, the writer shows that science is substantiating many of their opinions. Bibliography lists 2 sources. Bartrams.wps

Mesozoic Evolution of Mammals : A 7 page overview of the differing morphological characteristics which arose during the Mesozoic Era and separated the mammals from their predecessors the reptiles. Discusses differences in the inner ear, the jaw, and the brain and provides possible reasons for the divergent evolutionary paths. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Evolmeso.wps

Mammalian Reproductive Systems/ Phylogenetic & Ontogenetic Development : An 8 page paper discussing the concept of ontogeny in relation to the human reproductive system. Dispells the belief propagated in the ninetenth century that the embryonic stages of development are an exact mirror of the evolutionary history of an organism. Bibliography lists seven sources. Mammal.wps

Temperature Regulation in Animals : A 5 page review of thermoregulation in animals. Discusses the differences between ectothermia and endothermia in reptiles, fish, mammals and birds. Discusses animals classified as poikilothermic, having a body temperature which fluctuates widely, and those classified as homeothermic, having a narrowly constricted body temperature range. Includes a representative graph of these variations and a graphic showing bones structure and its relevance. Bibliography lists 5 sources. TempReg.wps

The Human Digestive System / Its Phylogenetic and Ontogenetic Development : A 7 page exploration of the concepts of phylogeny and ontongeny in relation to the digesive system. Discusses the embryonic development of the digestive system and points out that, although it is possible that certain phases of our evolution are reflected in our embryonic development, this reflection is sporadic and quite different from the view held in the nineteenth century that an organism's embryological developmental phases give a clear picture of its evolutionary history. Bibliography lists five sources. Humandig.wps

Motor Executions And The Role Of The Central Nervous System : A 7 page overview of the role of the central nervous system in motor functions. Specific information is provided about such components of the central nervous system as the cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, and neurons. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Cerebraln.wps

Motor Executions And The Role Of The Central Nervous System : A 7 page overview of the role of the central nervous system in motor functions. Specific information is provided about such components of the central nervous system as the cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, and neurons. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Cerebraln.wps

The Role Of Mossy Fibers In Memory : A 7 page paper outlining the role of mossy fibers in information transmittal and in memory. Provides specific information about ultrastructural changes which can occur as a result of stress or of exposure to chemicals. Bibliography lists 15 sources. Mossyf.wps

The Process Of Osmosis : A 6 page overview of osmosis in the living organism and in industrial applications such as desalination, sewage treatment, and groundwater treatment. The term osmosis is used to denote the process by which liquids move through a semipermeable membrane. Bibliography lists five sources. Osmosis.wps

Human Growth Hormones, Creatine Monohydrate, & Steroids: A 10 page examination of steroids, nutritional supplements and other means used by athletes to enhance physical prowess. Bibliography lists fifteen sources. Creatini.wps

The Human Body, Chemistry, & Steroids : Written mostly from a scientific perspective, this 7 page paper discusses the chemistry of steroids, bio-physiological implications, and more. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Steroid3.wps

The Evolution of Lungs / From Fish to Mammal : A 7 page paper outlining the evolution of the lung from the primitive lungfishes to mankind. Bibliography lists six sources. Lungs.wps

The Evolution of Mammallian Ear Bone Structure : A 7 page outline of the characteristics mammals have in common with their predecessors the reptiles and the features which distinguish them. Bibliography lists five sources. Earbone.wps

Evolution / Plant & Animal : A 5 page overview of the evolution of plants and animals. Compares and contrasts the evolutionary paths of the first plant and the first animal and traces those paths back to the primordial soup from which that very first organism emerged. Discusses differences in anaerobic and aerobic organisms and details the evolution of mitochondria and chloroplasts. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Planimal.wps

Oxytocin : A 6 page research paper describing the purposes and effects of oxytocin. Oxytocin is one of two hormones produced in the hypothalamus and released by the pituatary glands. It is called the "touch hormone" because it has been found to be associated with the bonding that occurs between mother and child. Studies using this hormone in inducing labor are reported. Bibliography is included. Oxytocin.wps

Altruism & Proving The Theory of Kin Selection : A 4 page analytical examination of animal / insect altruism and the theory of kin selection first presented in the 1960's by Dr. W. Hamilton. The writer evidences the validity of kin selection through a discussion of honeybees, spadefoot tadpoles, etc; Good case examples are provided and excellent biological reference is included. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Kinselec.wps

Prey-Size Selection : An 8 page research paper on prey-size selection as it relates to spiders. A number of relevant concepts are examined including : aggressive mimicry, pirate spiders vs. web-invading araneophagic spiders, the role of mimetids, and more. Bibliography lists approximately 20 sources. Preysize.wps

Insect Adaptations, Disease, and Control : A 10 page overview of the insects, their benefits and adverse impacts to humans. Emphasis is placed on their status as disease vectors. Bibliography lists five sources. Insectad.wps

Insects As Intelligent Animals With The Ability to Learn : A 10 page paper describing the intelligence and learning capabilities of insects. Emphasis is put on social insects. Studies are described that support the statements of an insect’s abilities. The main insect in focus is the ant as it is the most thoroughly studied. Bibliography lists 9 sources. Insects.wps

Proposal For Researching The Reproductive Patterns Of Armadillidium Vulgare (Pillbug) : A 5 page overview of Armadillidium vulgare, the pillbug. Includes a description of the organism and its habitat preferences. Discusses the reproductive patterns of the terrestrial isopod and presents a proposal for an experiment designed to determine if minor alterations in substrate in a nursery situation can be used as an effective control for pillbugs. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Pillbug.wps

The Biology of and Current Research in Termites (Isoptera) : A 13 page paper discussing termites from ecological and research perspectives. Ubiquitous creatures, termites are found literally all over the world except in its coldest regions—Alaska is the only state of the Union without some form of known termite activity. There had been surprisingly little research done until only the last several years, but the path of that research has differed from that of other disciplines in that nearly all of it has pointed and specific purpose, and not all of that in control measures. Only about 10 percent of the world’s more than 2,700 species are destructive. One that is causing the "Second Battle of New Orleans," the Formosan termite, is attracting the attention even of the US Congress. Much current research is centered on alternative uses for termites, such as decomposers in municipal landfills and as supplementary livestock feed. Bibliography lists 21 sources. Termite.wps

Rodents / Life History and Control : An 11 page overview of the order Rodentia with particular emphasis on their role in disease transmission and the consequent need for control. Discusses pesticides and the need for alternative management measures which have fewer adverse impacts to non-targeted species. Bibliography included. Rodentia.wps

Retrospective & Perspective Memory In Rats : A 10 page examination of the phenomena of memory and how it is evidenced in rats. Emphasizes the role experimental design can have on the results and conclusions of an experiment. Bibliography lists 22 sources. Memorat.wps

Biological Determinism / Our Actions Are Determined by Biology :
A 17 page discussion of the role of genetics in determining behavior. Emphasizes that our actions and behaviors are essentially an interplay of genetics and societal factors but acknowledges that the genetic predisposition for certain behaviors is definite and difficult to overcome. Relies extensively on the ideas presented in Richard Dawkin’s The Selfish Gene but backs these ideas up with actual research examples. Uses the counter examples of research indicating that homosexuality is a genetic condition and that research which shows that gender roles are shaped by the environment. Bibliography lists 16 sources. Biodeter.wps

Biology & Behavior / Nature vs. Nurture : 9 pages on biologically determined behaviors and the nature vs. nurture controversy. Writer finds that many of our more common behaviors do indeed find their roots in biology. Bibliography lists 2 sources. Biolbeha.wps

The Nature vs. Nurture Controversy : A good 6 page analysis of the nature vs. nurture controversy regarding factors that contribute most strongly to human development. The writer assesses both sides of the issue, explains its relevance to sociology & sociobiology, and determines that the development of a personality and the characteristics of that personality actually depend upon a combination of biological and social factors. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Naturenu.wps

Nurture Versus Nature : This 5 page report discusses "nurture vs. nature" controversy in human development. This writer supports the idea that nature and genetic determinism plays a far greater role in human development that science is even aware of today and which will prove to be essential in the development of future abilities and methods of nurturing. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Natuvnurt.wps

Nature vs. Nurture / Article Discussion : This debate is presented in a 1997 New York Times article that proposes two diametric sides on the issue of brain development. A 5 page critical analysis explores assumptions made in the article. Pros and cons are shown on each side. While no side is taken, the analysis suggests that political correctness may play a role in the debate. No other sources used. Nnurt.wps

Does The Human Brain Make Us Unique? : An 8 page paper discussing aspects of both the philosophical and physiological arguments in the continuing debate. In the naturalistic world view of humanism, the annihilation of other species is a crime against life. Though each side has its own purpose and own agenda, it appears that neither would disagree with the humanists’ statement—even those who disagree with their general philosophy. There is indeed something that sets us apart from the rest of the earth’s animals, likely centered in the brain but as yet undiscovered. Bibliography lists 11 sources. BrainGen.wps

The Human Brain / Are We Unique? : A 12 page research paper that looks at rather or not the human brain is a unique phenomenon. The writer surveys current studies in this topic and concludes that despite studies such as the ones that show chimps and apes as capable of learning sign language that the human brain is unique due to humanity's ability to organize complex thought and speech. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Brainhum.wps

Natural Selection : A 5 page overview and analysis of Darwin’s proposal of the theory of natural selection. Presents the proposition that the theory of natural selection had actually been around well before Darwin’s publication of Origin of the Species. Presents the view that the theory of natural selection is, in essence, a selfishness on the part of an organism to reproduce. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Natsel.wps

Is Creationism a Science ? -- Yes ! : A comprehensive, 6 page discussion of whether or not creationism is truly a science. The author believes that it is in fact, a science and defines many relevant terms. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Keywords: biology, evolution, social science. Creatism.wps

Is Creationism a Science? -- No ! : An 8 page research paper examining whether or not creationism is truly a bonafide science. The writer describes the main theories of Creation-science and illustrates through argument that it does not meet the criteria to be a science. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Creation2.wps

Theories of Creationism : This 8 page paper delves into the controversies not only surrounding the debate between creationism and evolution but arguments within the realm of creationism itself. Include are interpretations such as progressive creationism, catastrophism, scientific creationism and the gap theory. The premise that the majority of people in America believe in pure creationism is supported by several arguments. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Creatheo.wps

Evolution vs. Creationism : A 10 page research paper discussing Evolution vs. Creation. Topics explored include: reaction of 19th century theologians and clergy to Darwin's theories, court cases resulting from teaching the theory of evolution, including the famous Scopes' Monkey Trial, the current acceptance level of evolution. Bibliography includes 10 references. Darwin.wps

John Scopes Trial : In 5 pages the author discusses the John Scopes Trial. July 21, 1925 was a morning that many will never forget. It was a hot day in the Rhea County Courthouse in Dayton, Tennessee. The players: Judge John T. Raulston, two worthy attorneys, and of course, and John Thomas Scopes. The event: The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes. The significance: This was the famous "monkey trial," in which the decision was being made to the legality of the Butler Act that forbade the teaching of evolution in public schools. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Jscopes.wps

Charles Darwin / His Life and Contributions : A 5 page exploration of and his theory of evolution. Bibliography lists four sources. Cdarwin.wps

"The Moral Animal" & Biological Determinism : A 10 page review of "The Moral Animal" by Robert Wright. Concentrates on Wright’s use of Charles Darwin himself as an example of the theory of evolutionary psychology, natural selection, and biological predeterminism. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Moralan.wps

Human Behavior / A Result of Genetic Make-up & Environmental Influences :
An 11 page paper discussing human behavior and their origins. Some believe that human behavior is merely due to biological make-up where others firmly believe it is environmental conditioning. There is much evidence that points to both biology and environment playing a role in thedevelopment of human behavior. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Makeup.wps

Homo Erectus : A 5 page research paper on Homo Erectus -- an early evolutionary version of human originally believed to have started in Africa, and now in Asia. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Homoerec.wps

The Bubonic Plague and the Organism Which Causes It: Yersinia pestis :
A 16 page examination of the bubonic plague, its causative agent and its various forms. Includes information on vectors, treatment, and morphology. Bibliography includes fifteen sources. Bubonorg.wps

Hornets / A Sub-species of Social Wasps : A detailed, 5 page overview of hornets in which the writer analyzes the species from a biological perspective. Reproduction, hibernation, metabolism, and pursuit of prey are some of the many items explored. Bibliography lists 2+ sources. Hornet.wps

Hornets / A General Overview : A 3 page overview, covering items similar to "Hornets : A Sub-species of Social Wasps" (hornet.wps)- only with lesser attention to detail and no bibliography. Hornets.wps

The Effects of Hormones on Plants : An 8-page research paper which discusses plant growth, plant hormones, as well as provides the findings of research studies on how hormones effect plant growth. Includes a discussion of two or more hormones in detail. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Planhorm.wps

The Effects of Pollution on Plants : An 8-page research paper about the effects of sulfur dioxide on plants in a variety of locales. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Pollplan.wps

Bacterial Interactions With Plants : An 8 page overview of the effects and interactions of bacteria on plants. Emphasizes that plants are dependent on some of these interactions but are adversely impacted by others. Includes commercial and non-commercial impacts as well as a mention of efforts to commercially capitalize on the interactions of plants and bacteria by producing strains which benefit from the positive microbial interactions and are resistant to the less beneficial interactions. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Plantbac.wps

The American Alligator / Alligator Mississippiensis : A 5 page overview of the American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis). Includes information on its evolutionary relationship to the crocodile, its reproductive strategy, habitat preferences, subsistence patterns and other behavior. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Alligat2.wps

Chytridiomycosis Causes Amphibian Mortality : A 5 page paper that discusses the causes of the dramatic decrease in the numbers of amphibians in Australia and Central America. The essay describes a study conducted by a group of scientists who not only found the cause of the declining population but who discovered a new fungus. Bibliography lists 1 source. PGfrogsdie.rtf

Frog Muscles : In this 6 page essay, the author examines several factors inhibited and/or facilitating a frog's ability to jump using certain key muscles. Beginning with an introductory overview of amphibian/frog muscle structure, various idiosyncratic elements in the jump are explored. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Frogmusc.wps

Birds / The Mallard : A comprehensive 4 page report on the mallard, a bird from the Anatidae family of the order Anseriformes. Dynamics, geography, breeding, eating, and so forth ,-- are among the many aspects discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Mallard.wps

A History Of The Science Of Biology : A 5 page overview of the major developments in the biological sciences beginning in 500 BC and continuing at approximately 500 year intervals up till the present. Outlines major players and obstacles. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Biohist.wps

(A) History of Biology : A general, 5 page overview of the history of biology. Discusses key developments and important discoveries. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Biolhist.wps

Bionomics / An Overview : A 7 page overview of the concept of bionomics and the relationships of economics and biology. Explains that economics and business in general are often organized much like a living ecosystem, a concept first discussed by Michael Rothschild. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Bionom.wps

Biology Lab / Observations of Fish Gill Movement : Approximately 4 pages in length. Paper reports on a basic (biology) laboratory experiment. Writer hypothesizes that fish gill movement will increase when water temperature does same. It is concluded that varying water temperature does have an effect on percular movements and breathing patterns of (gold)fish. Bibliography lists 2 sources. Fishlab.wps

Cell Biology / Article Reviews : Contains two reviews of articles relevant to cell biology- each one is 2 pages in length (4 pages total for this file) and contains the writer's own personal reaction. Citations are : Rowe, Paul M. (1994). Cell death according to plan. The Lancet, 344 (8925), 812 -&- Cohen, Jon. (1994). 'Long PCR leaps into larger DNA sequences.' Science, 263 (5153), 1564-1565. Biolarti.wps

Cell Biology / Essay Answers : 7 pages worth of responses to several very-detailed and comprehensive questions in cell biology. Please write to us for more information. No Bibliography. Biolexam.wps

Advanced Essays on Bioethics : 10 pages worth of complex essays in biology ethics such as one summarizing the biology of the HIV, and its manner of infection and production of disease. The writer describes the major ethical problems that face biologists and doctors regarding the manner in which they are dealing with the epidemic as well as their intelligent opinion about what is the most ethical and yet biologically effective way to deal with it and why. No Bibliography. Bioethic.wps

Nuclear Destruction -- The Threat of Irreversible and Irreparable Consequences : A 5 page report examining the biological & ecological consequences of radiation contamination that would result from a nuclear war. 'The end of life as we know it' is documented with scientific findings about radiation's effects on living cells and genetic structure. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Nukedest.wps

Techno-Terrorism / Implications of the Utilization of Biological Agents & Other High-tech Approaches in Terrorism : A 10 page exploration of techno-terrorism. Provides information of biological warfare, chemical warfare, and cyber terrorism as well as on the potential uses of nanotechnology and robotics in terroristic activities. Bibliography lists 14 sources. Techterr.wps

Watson, Crick,& The Significance of the Double Helix : The discovery of DNA was one of the most important scientific contributions ever. In the 1950's, the discovery of the Double Helix significantly complimented our knowledge of DNA and changed the way we viewed its structure. This 15 page science history paper examines the years leading up to Watson & Crick's great discovery and the findings that came before it. Also discussed are the biographies of each of these two great scientists and the practical implications that their work has since had (i.e., helping to create a standard for criminologists, etc;). Bibliography lists 10 sources. Doubheli.wps

DNA - An Overview : A 5 page exploration of DNA and its relations to cellular reproduction. Includes a discussion of cellular structure, mitosis, and meiosis. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Dna.wps

Social Biology Of Wolves : A 25 page research paper on wolves, their social biology, etc; The writer discusses various types of wolves, how they travel in packs, survive as predators, and so froth. Canis Lupis (Common wolf), gray wolves, and red wolves are among the many types discussed. The writer is also concerned with the evolutionary biology of wolves and other relevant issues. Bibliography lists 9 sources. Wolves.wps

Zebra Mussels / Biological & Ecological Issues : This 7 page research paper describes the arrival of zebra mussels on the North American continent as well as some projected figures for their spread. The writer describes the biology of these small, inedible shell fish and then explains some of the negative effects they can have on aquatic systems. Since phytoplankton and detritus consumed by tiny animals called zooplankton which in turn are eaten by small fish and these small fish by larger fish, biologists seem concerned that zebra mussels' tendency to eat the same items could damage established food chains by removing needed energy from its bottom level. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Zebramus.wps

Jerome Kagen : A 5 page paper that presents the arguments surrounding Kagen's statement that adolescence "begins in biology and ends in culture." Kagen's comment appears to be in response to the division among theorists in regards to the primary causative factor in adolescent behavior--some, including Gesell, believe that it is biology, while Karen Horney supported the belief in the cultural influences. Kagen's statement supports a progression that allows for the effects of both. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Kagen.wps

Science, The Bell Curve, & Racism : A 14 page paper that presents the theory that science has been readily utilized as a means for promoting racism. This paper considers the impact of scientific findings in regards to ethnicity and the impact that these have on racism, especially in the United States. The Bell Curve is one example of recent racially-based scientific findings that have been challenged because of their jaded methodology. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Science.wps

Poverty & Intelligence : This 8 page paper addresses the concept of poverty from the view of Charles Murray, one of the authors of the controversial The Bell Curve. Intelligence is related to social problems. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Povint.wps

Bell Curve : In 5 pages "This author proposes to discuss, in a critical evaluation, how Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, the authors of "The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life", construct their arguments, and how they use claim, facts, opinions, etc., while concentrating on how the authors use language, reasoning, etc. to build there case and then ultimately concentrating on how they contradict one another." Bibliography lists 2 sources. Bellcurv.wps

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