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Sports & Physical Education Today : This 5 page paper examines the phenomenon that sports and physical education has changed a great deal, particularly since the seventies. The psychological effects of competition are discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Pesport.wps

How To Be A Good Baseball Coach : 7 pages on the psychology of coaching baseball. The paper, which describes what is involved in being a good coach today, is broken into five subsection. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Bcoach.wps

Bob Gibson / Player & Coach : A 6 page discussion of Baseball player Bob Gibson's career in sports, both as a hot-headed player and well-respected coach for the St. Louis Cardinals. Bibliography lists 5 sources including the subjects' own autobiography. Gibson.wps

Paul "Bear" Bryant / The Ultimate Football Coach : This 8 page paper provides biographical information on a man who some say was the greatest coach who ever lived. A portrait of this football giant shows a picture of man immersed in the sport. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Paulbry.wps

Coaching / Defensive Skills : A 5 page research paper discussing the defensive skills and strategies that can be used in coaching. The writer offers examples of skills or strategies to help in coaching, such as planning the class well, having a sense of humor, and improving communication skills. Bibliography is provided. Coaching.wps

Issues In Coaching / Interscholastic Competition & The Student Athlete : A 6 page paper on competitive interscholastic sports in which the writer looks at specific programs, the importance of good academic standing, certification of coaches, and whether or not we're doing a "good job"-- of ensuring that school athletes also do well in their studies. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Skoolspo.wps

Cross Gender Coaching : This 6 page argument takes the position that female coaches should not be hired for male teams. Reasons given include the use of Bandura’s theory of self-efficacy which is illustrated with an example from the 1998 Winter Olympic games. Also included is a discussion of the psychological impact of locker room activity as well as statistics regarding the decline in the availability of female coaches. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Fecoach.wps

High School Basketball : 3 page review of a High School basketball game, its players, strength and weaknesses. Provides suggested strategy for beating the observed home team. Excellent for those studying coaching and related issues. No Bibliography. Basketba.wps

College Sports Issues

Differential In Graduation Rates Between Collegiate Division 1 Male & Female Basketball Players : A 9 page paper that outlines a research study of graduation rate differentials in basketball players based on gender. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Gradbask.wps

Recruitment of College Athletes : This 5 page report the process and problems of recruiting college athletes. Whether or not the abuses can be controlled, who are the victims and what penalties should be imposed are also briefly covered. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Colrec.wps

College Football Coaching & Racism : An 11 page look at issues concerning racism and the football coach. Various historic studies are cited concerning such items as "racial stacking" in professional football and its relevance to the collegic sports environment. Bibliography lists approximately 18 sources. Coachrac.wps

The Impact of Participation in Athletics on Academic Performance :
A 9 page paper discussing the correlation between academic success and participation in athletics. This correlation, although many times negative, is often dependent on the intensity of the athletic program and also on the types of academic programs to which the student is exposed. Emphasizes the fact that many times an academic program can be modified to provide more of a cooperative environment than a competitive environment which can be of benefit to athlete and non-athlete alike. Bibliography lists 11 sources. Athlacad.wps

Athletic Participation & Academic Performance / A Study of Women AthletesA 9 page paper that provides an overview of a proposed study of women in athletics. The hypothesis of this study is that women athletes score higher on academic achievement tests than their non-athlete counterparts. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Athaca.wps

College Academics & College Athletics / Conflict : A 6 page paper discussing whether or not college athletics are in conflict with college academic programs. A brief statement presenting a summarized statement that "athletics are at best a necessary evil." The writer presents an argument supporting that position. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Colacat.wps

Preferential Treatment Of College Athletes : A 6 page paper in which the author discusses the preferential treatment of college athletes, how they are treated, and why they receive the treatment they do. Bibliography included. Prefcol.wps

The Big Ten Conference : A 34 page research paper on The Big Ten Conference, its history, state purpose, etc; The writer discusses administrative accessibility, enrollment, and various changes that have occurred over the years. Of particular concern are the conference’s rules, regulations, & by-laws. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Bigten.wps

The NCAA Mission : This 8 page paper discusses the mission of this often criticized organization that was set up to promote high standards for intercollegiate sports. Bibliography lists 12 sources. Ncaa.wps

Natural Grass Verses Artificial Turf On Collegiate Playing Fields : An 8 page comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of artificial and natural turf’s in the collegiate environment. Relies heavily on data for pro-football. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Turfcom.wps

The Problem Of College Gambling Among Student Athletes : An 11 page paper that explores issues related to college sports gambling and the impacts it has on school teams, athletes and the NCAA. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Collegeg.wps

Curtailing College Sports Gambling / Proposal : A 6 page model proposal on ways to curtail college student betting and game fixing on sporting events. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Curtgamb.wps

Professional Athletes / Their Lives & Works

Babe Ruth’s Story Encapsulated : This 5 page review of a 1994 U.S. News & World Report article on Babe Ruth looks at the information given on the baseball great but also discusses how many neglect some of the Babe’s long-term contributions to the game. Baberuth.wps

Jackie Robinson & The Color Barrier : A 4 page biography/report on the life and accomplishments of Jackie Robinson-- the American baseball player known for "breaking the color barrier" and becoming the first Black player to gain widespread acceptance playing for a Major League team. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Jckrbnsn.wps

Jackie Robinson’s Enduring Legacy : An 11 paper on baseball’s first enduring black player. Robinson joined the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947 amid a raft of controversy, but managed to pull "Dem Bums," perpetual losers into the 1947 World Series by doing things that won him the title of 1947 Rookie of the Year. Always outspoken on racial issues, he maintained his promise of 2 years’ worth of no visible reaction to the verbal abuse all involved, including him, knew he would suffer. After that, it was no holds barred while he meanwhile gathered award after award. He committed a lifetime to civil rights work, using baseball as a stage from which to speak. Bibliography lists 20 sources. Jackier.wps

Jackie Robinson’s Social Contributions : An 8 page paper discussing the social effect felt by Jackie Robinson’s addition to the Dodgers. He suffered incredible verbal abuse and even threats of death, yet continued with his mission. He summarized the source of his drive in his last book: "I cannot, as an individual, rejoice in the good things I have been permitted to work for and learn while the humblest of my brothers is down in a deep hole hollering for help and not being heard. That is why I have devoted and dedicated my life to service." Jackie Robinson did more perhaps than any other black man in breaking color barriers. Without discounting the contributions of other civil rights workers, Jackie Robinson became a master of breaking the white man’s rules yet remaining within those same rules. Bibliography lists 9 sources. JackieRo.wps

Jackie Robinson’s Legacy / Review Of Tygel’s "Baseball’s Great Experiment":  5 pages in which the author discusses this particular book and how the great baseball player Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier between Black and Whites on the playing field and in society. Jrlegacy.wps

Jackie Robinson & Other Baseball Legends : This 5 page paper discusses the difficulties, adjustments, successes, and failures of Jackie Robinson, Larry Doby, Don Newcombe, Roy Campenella, and Satchel Paige. Jackier.wps

Jackie Robinson / Film vs. Book : In this 5 page paper, the writer is concerned with the historical accuracy of film & written accounts of the Jackie Robinson legend.  The movie ["Bingo Long Traveling All-Stars"] is compared with the book "Baseball's Great Experiment: --Jackie Robinson and His Legacy." Bingolong.wps

Joe DiMaggio / Man Or Legend ? : A 12 page paper that considers the portrayal of Joe DiMaggio in the biographies developed by Maury Allen (Where Have You Gone, Joe DiMaggio) and Jack Moore (Joe DiMaggio) and demonstrates the elements that underscored DiMaggio's developments as a legendary figure. Dimagioj.wps

Michael Jordan / Cultural Hero : A 7 page discussion of how, in the context of his career, accomplishments, etc;-- basketball player Michael Jordan serves as a persuasive communicator and role model to the African-American community. Many insightful examples are offered. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Michaelj.wps

Michael Jordan - Is He A Hero? : A 5 page synopsis of the 1992 biography of Michael Jordan by Sam Smith. The writer demonstrates that while Smith’s biography shows a negative side to Jordan’s character not seen by his adoring public, debunking the Jordan mystique was not Smith’s intention. Smith succeeds in presenting Jordan, not as a godlike superstar, but rather it offers a picture of Michael Jordan as an ordinary person-flawed, moody, gifted and human. Mikejord.wps

Playing For Money / NBA Basketball Players & Personal Greed : This 5 page essay discusses professional athletes, particularly basketball players and their attitudes of selfishness and greed. The writer also discusses how superstar athletes may be nothing more than a mirror of the society that created them. Yet, despite it all, professional sports are still a passion in the U.S. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Basketga.wps

Cal Ripken’s "Road to the Streak" : The story of baseball great Cal Ripken, Jr. is discussed in this 5 page paper. The focus of the paper is on Ripken’s relationship with his father, who also coached the Orioles. Insights into the man’s upbringing are given as well as data about Ripken’s astounding record as a major league player. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Ripken.wps

The Boz / Applying Evaluative Paradigms to the Life of Brian Bosworth :
This 6 page paper applies three different paradigms to the life of athlete and self-prescribed "anti-hero" Brian Bosworth by evaluating the perspectives presented in his autobiography. This paper considers the trait approach to personality, a psychodynamic approach and a analytical approach to examining the life and perspectives of Bosworth as presented in the book "The Boz: Confessions of a Modern Anti-Hero." No additional sources cited. MHboz.wps

Byron Nelson / Golf’s Legend of Eternal Fame : A 10 page paper discussing the sport of golf and the contributions and accomplishments of Byron Nelson whose phenomenal winnings in 1944 and 1945 still have the world of golf at attention. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Byron.wps

"I Am Tiger Woods – The Economic Impact of the Golf Industry" : This 3 page report discusses the multibillion dollar business of golf. Over the past two decades, golf has grown in popularity, accessibility, and an excepted means of doing business. As the popularity of golf is grown, naturally the profits and economic impact of the golf industry have also grown. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Tigerecon.wps

The Sociological Aspects Of Money In Sports : This 5 page report discusses the various sociological factors involved with modern professional sports and the enormous amount of money that goes into sports. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Sportmon.wps

Sports Management Business & Law

The Influential Leadership of Pete Rozelle : A 25 page research paper on Rozelle and his tenure as commissioner of the National Football League (NFL) in terms of his leadership qualities. The writer details various events from his reign, including his handling of television contracts, his disciplinary measures, the merger with the AFL, Monday Night Football, and the Super Bowl, and much more. Bibliography lists 13 sources. Peteroze.wps

Risk Management & Professional Football : A 12 page research paper evaluating two common, but fairly new, business risk factors as they relate to professional football: sustained slow economic growth and increased (intensive) competition. The paper points to the dangers and consequences of not performing risk management duties well enough to ensure continued profitability, and for not evaluating the impact of changing external factors on their supporting fans. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Football.doc

Leadership Approaches & Sports Management : An 8 page paper that provides an overview of basic management styles and considers their application for sports management. Bibliography lists 20 sources. Leadspor.wps

Sports Law / Who Is Liable When A Fan Gets Hurt? : A 6 page paper discussing legal and liability issues related to spectator injuries at sporting events. Bibliography lists four sources. Pucks.wps

Sports Law / Institutional Liability When Players Are Injured : A 5 page research paper which examines the question of what constitutes liability on the part of a coach or an institution in the event of sports related injury. The writer examines numerous cases and outlines the basics of what the courts expect from coaches and institutions. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Sprtliab.wps

Barriers Faced by African-Americans In Professional Sports Management :
This 15 page paper looks at the barriers that have Blacks have faced and continue to face in working in management roles in professional sports. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Acoach.wps

The Cost Of Major League Entertainment : This is a 5 page paper that presents the economic realities of public funding for the construction of sport stadiums. It gives a short history of past funding sources. It then gives an overview of the costs incurred and explores examples of funding that was approved after the voters rejected the proposals. It concludes by citing the example of Green Bay, Wisconsin and their non-profit status as an alternative. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Sportax.wps

Sports Marketing / Research & Reality : A 12 page research paper on some of the basics, and importance of, market research in the field of sports marketing. The paper looks at some of the marketing activities of (1) auto racing, now the countrys second most popular sport (surprise!) following only football in revenues and viewership; (2) Notre Dame, alone among college sports organizations who conduct their own licensing pursuits; and (3) the Carolina Hurricanes, an ice hockey team that ended the 1996 hockey season as the New England Whalers, based in Connecticut. A baseball analyst wrote in 1992 that the national organizations were damaging the future of   the national pastime by following only the immediate dollar without working for the good of the game, and his predictions seem to have been realized. Bibliography lists 11 sources. Sports.doc

Professional Sports Marketing Team Logo Merchandise : This 6 page report discusses the ways in which professional sports teams market themselves through the sale of merchandise – hats, clothing, memorabilia, et al – with the team logo and identity. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Teamlogo.wps

Antitrust And Collective Bargaining In Brown v. Pro Football, Inc. : A 15 page case comment on a Supreme Court case involving antitrust and labor law exemptions. The writer details the historical background of the law in the case, the various findinngs and holdings, the dissent, and analyzes the reasoning in the decision. No additional sources cited. Collbarg.wps

Purchase or Lease / Making the Decision for a Health & Fitness Club :
This 6 page report (which includes a one-page overview of the paper) discusses the decision and the process of examining advantages and disadvantages of leasing versus purchasing a building for a health and fitness club. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Buylease.wps

Corporate Golf Tournament Sponsorship : An 8 page paper discussing corporate sponsorship of golf tournaments. In asking whether golf benefits the corporation or the consumer more, the answer is definitively for the corporation. Those proposing that golf is for everyone obviously have the budgets that will allow them to play the game, because its expense prohibits many from taking part. Its expense is one of the attractions of the millions of corporate dollars spent in sponsorship each year, however: the average income of the committed golfer is more than $60,000, making the community of amateur golfers a marketer’s dream come true. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Golfcorp.doc

"I Am Tiger Woods – The Economic Impact of the Golf Industry" : This 3 page report discusses the multibillion dollar business of golf. Over the past two decades, golf has grown in popularity, accessibility, and an excepted means of doing business. As the popularity of golf is grown, naturally the profits and economic impact of the golf industry have also grown. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Tigerecon.wps

The Golf Industry : This 6 page overview looks at the golf industry in the United States. Prospects of success in this business are excellent if needed capital is available. Finding an appropriate location, company structure and other sources of income, as offshoots of the primary business, are also discussed. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Golfind.wps

Golf Is . . . : This 6 page report discusses the game of golf, why people love/hate it, its role in business, its popularity, its ability to both reduce and increase stress. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Golfis.wps

Golf Today : A 5 page paper discussing the current trends in golf and the general condition of the sport. Special attention is given to the development of golf through the past which has led to the current level of involvement this sport demonstrates today. What was once a sport designed to involve only the rich elite enthusiasts is now a sport that nearly everyone can relate to. It has become a sport that is, perhaps, as American as apple pie. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Golftody.wps

The Controversy Over the NCAA’s Baseball Bat Controversy : This 6 page report discusses the controversy over the NCAA’s decision to limit the size and weight of aluminum bats and the implications that presents for baseball at bothe collegiate and professional levels. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Basebat.wps

Recreational Sports, Sports Medicine & Athletic Fitness

Muscle Strain / Causes, Prevention & Treatment : A 10 page analysis of the causes of muscle strain, prevention and treatment. The writer presents this information by analyzing current medical literature on the subject and compares the causes, prevention methods and treatments for professional athletes vs. non-athletes. The paper includes two appendices, incorporating five tables of research results and drugs used to treat muscle strain in the U.S. and Canada. Bibliography lists 14 sources. Msclstrn.wps

Black Sprinters And Performance : A 15 page literature review that is developed to support the thesis that there are racially specific physiological differences between black and white sprinters that impact athlete performance. Bibliography lists 21 sources. Sprint.wps

Muscle Strength and Running Speed : A 22 page thesis that supports the correlation between muscle strength and increased running speed for non-professional athletes in a 50 meter sprint. The writer goes into great detail and examines in-depth research in this model. Bibliography lists 14 sources. Running.wps

Leg Strength & Muscle Mass In Football Linemen : A 30 page paper that provides an overview of the issues related to leg strength, muscle mass, and strength training to increase performance in football linemen. This paper considers the models and results presented in a number of articles and outlines the effective strength and conditioning program directed by Purdue University. Bibliography lists 20 sources. Linemen.wps

Russian Electro Stimulation / Another Form of Electrical Muscle Stimulation : 
A 5 page paper that provides an overview of Russian Electro Stimulation as a form of muscular massage. This paper demonstrates the benefits of this technique. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Electst.wps

Orthopedic Sports Medicine : A 16 page paper discussing the state of evolution of orthopedic sports medicine. It often carries the remnant of the skepticism of years past, when those involved just seemed not to fit anywhere. The physicians involved in orthopedic sports medicine often were looked on as M.D.s that simply couldn’t compete in the world of "real" medicine, and the lay people involved as trainers and support personnel to the performing athletes were regarded as would-be athletes with the same disabilities. But times are changing. Orthopedic sports medical practitioners are being viewed as competent as any other M.D. in any other specialty, and sound research is contributing to the overall well of knowledge regarding injury, treatment options and patient outcomes. Bibliography lists 12 sources. Sportmed.wps

Sports Psychology / Making a Comeback From an Injury : A 10 page paper discussing the issues of sports psychology involved when an athlete makes a comeback from an injury. What is the motivation, the personal issues, and the problems associated with recovery? Also discussed are the various psychological and emotional obstacles faced during the healing process. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Sportinj.wps

Athlete Motivation and the Correlation between Motivation & Performance : One of the most difficult aspects of physical education is developing motivational tools for athletes, and educators have struggled to promote self- and group-directed motivational programming and assessments to improve the performance of student athletes. This 25 page paper considers the problem of motivation within the scope of physical education programming and provides an overview of the commonly applied motivational models. This study also provides some suggestions and recommendations for educators, and links motivation to performance in an effective discussion about competitive performance in team sports programs. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Motperf.wps

Winning in Sports -- Where’s the "Zone?": An 8 page essay on the state of sports psychology as it is currently journal-reported, regardless of what its actual practice might be. All of the journal literature reviewed reported statistical manipulations of standard psychological tests. Only one article provided any deviation from the pattern, and that was one that originated in Australia and drew distinctions between "elite" and "non-elite" without actually managing to define the terms. The paper discusses the disadvantages of current research methods (there are plenty) and proposes other approaches. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Zone.wps sports psychology

Anatomy Of The Shoulder : A detailed, 11 page look at the shoulder's anatomy, and some of the injuries that can occur from common activities such as throwing and general overextension. Techniques for treatment and care of the shoulder are presented. Also useful to those studying sports & sports medicine. Bibliography lists 9 sources. Shouanat.wps

Shoulder Injuries & Sports Injuries / Common Injuries, Evaluation and Treatment : A 10 page paper that provides an overview of the problem of shoulder injuries in sports medicine, and evaluates current treatment options as well as prevention models. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Shoulinj.wps

The Kinesiology of Bowling : A 5 page paper that provides an overview of the kinesiology of bowling, including a look at the sagittal view, extension, flexing, eccentric and concentric movements, and the relationship between the bones and muscles during the game. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Bowling2.doc

Massage Therapy / A Hypothetical Case Evaluation : A 5 page examination of the pain and discomfort being experienced by a fictional middle age bowler and computer programmer. Addresses the factors contributing to the pain, the responsible muscles, the bony landmarks and areas of massage concentration. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Massageb.wps

Football Safety Issues : An 11 page exploration of safety and how it relates to football. Includes a description of major injuries and measures which could be implemented to rectify the problems. Bibliography lists nine sources. Footb.wps

Women's Basketball Injuries / Damage to The Anterior Cruciate LigamentThis 12 page, comprehensive research paper examines common basketball injuries, preventive techniques, and which groups are more likely to suffer from them. At least 80% of the discussion focuses upon women's injuries and physiological factors causing the gender to suffer more frequently from damages to the anterior cruciate ligament specifically. Numerous studies are cited. Bibliography lists more than 20 sources. Sportinj.wps

The Amateurization of Sports : An 8 page research paper on the history ancient sports. The writer details the origins of the types of sports, the Greek influence, and the Roman end of amateurization. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Amasport.wps

Sports & Leisure In Victorian-Era Britain : A 9 page research paper investigating the development of leisure and sports activities among the working class in Britain towards the end of the Victorian era. Leisure activities had to meet very stringent ethical ideals by which the working class lives. Many games played in rural regions became national pastimes and most still exist today. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Victleis.wps

The Techniques Of Fly Fishing : An 8 page technical paper on fly fishing equipment. The writer details the types of rods, reels, line, and flies which are appropriate for beginners. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Flyfish.wps

Rollerblading / An Overview : A 6 page paper on in-line skating that includes discussion of safety issues, including industry and community response, reference to training manuals, stats on numbers of people skating, endorsements from enthusiasts and traditional bureaus, and a section on why adults skate. Bibliography lists 9 sources. Rollerbl.wps

Tennis as An Art : A 5 page paper that demonstrates support for the belief that tennis, like dance, can be considered an art form. This paper recognizes that because tennis allows for personal expression, it must represent a form of art. Tennis.wps

Functional Analysis of a Forehand Ground Stroke in Tennis : The forehand ground stroke in tennis requires the coordination of more than 130 muscles in the legs, back, shoulder and arm for the approach, the back swing (initiation), the forward swing and the contact, and the deceleration. This 20 page paper provides a functional analysis of the forehand ground stroke in tennis by evaluating the connection between skeletal and muscular components in evaluating elements like range of motion, the phases of the swing, and the desired effect (hitting the ball) that come into play in determining the physical motion of the swing. Bibliography lists 20 sources. Tenstr.wps

Scuba Diving & Safety Issues : A 5 page paper that provides an overview of the recreational activity of scuba diving and considers the pertinent safety issues of this fairly unregulated sport. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Scuba.wps

Swimming / One The World's Oldest, Most Popular Physical Activities : A 5 page report on swimming today & in history. The writer discusses different ztechniques, strokes, & styles, while pointing out which ones are not recognized by the F.I.N.A. Olympic competition and rules for entry are examined as well. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Swimming.wps

Analysis Of The Skiing Industry : A 5 page paper on the Skiing Industry. The writer looks at the rising stock prices of specific companies and some of the causal factors involved. Pricing strategies, weather conditions, fees, services, and even issues concerning the "Federal rent" paid by ski resorts are all factored in. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Skiindus.wps

Bodybuilding vs Casual Weight Lifting / The Creation of a Subculture : This 20 page paper considers the issue of whether bodybuilding has actually become a subculture in the United States. This paper presents a proposal for a research study and outlines the current literature reflecting the differences between bodybuilders and casual weight lifters as a means of supporting the hypothesis of the developed bodybuilding subculture. Bibliography lists 12 sources. Bodybu.wps

Aerobics / Exercise : 2 pages on Aerobics and the factors that make this particular form of exercise so healthy. Bibliography lists 2 sources. Aerobics.wps

Nutrition and Athletic Performance : A 5 page research essay exploring the role of nutrition in athletic performance. Discussion includes the value as well as potential detrimental effects of fat and carbohydrate loading, hydration, vitamins and minerals. Suggestions given regarding intake of these elements. Bibliography includes 6 references. Athletes.wps

Steroids - Not Worth It ! : In this 10 page argumentative essay, the writer discusses steroid use and its harmful effects. It is asserted that steroids are not only dangerous-- they are impractical as well. Various case examples and relevant data concerning the undesirable effects of continued steroid usage are presented. Bibliography lists 12 sources. Steroids.wps

Steroids -- Do You Really Want A Body "To Die For"? : An 8 page, argumentative research paper detailing the dangers of steroids-- with particular relevance to athletes. The writer describes the biological effects of steroids, why they seem to "work," and what problems they ultimately cause after continued use. Studies demonstrating that steroid use causes aggressive behavior, impotency, etc.; are cited. Bibliography lists 12 sources. Steroid2.wps

Anabolic Steroids : A 15 page research paper that gives a comprehensive review of the empirical research literature available on this subject. The writer covers the uses and the effects of anabolic steroids on the various system of the body, detailing the negative physical and psychological effects. Bibliography lists 25 sources. Aberster.wps

Mandatory Drug Testing For High School Athletes : A 9 page paper arguing that mandatory drug testing should be enforced and implemented. While it may seem as though this is an issue which consists of an invasion of personal issues, in light of today’s competitive world, there are many instances where drug use is a serious concern in high school athletics, harming those that are not involved with drug enhancers. Unfortunately we live in a world where we cannot rely on the integrity of individuals and their own inherent desire to achieve and succeed on their own resources. While the issue of drug testing may involve the use of mind-altering, illegal drugs, the main focus is on that of the use of drugs such as steroids used for enhancing performance in sports. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Highathl.wps

Steroids Should Be Banned : This past summer the baseball star, Mark McGwire, openly admitted that he was using a performance enhancing drug, a natural occurring steroid, androstenedione. The drug is available over the counter in many health and nutrition stores in the United States. This 5 page paper argues that the use of performance enhancing steroids should be banned from use by any professional (including Olympic) athlete, regardless of the type of sport or gender. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Stoids.wps

The Game Of Blackjack / Card Counting & Other Strategies : This 5 page paper provides an overview of the game of Blackjack. A brief history and explanation of the game is included but the focus is on methods used to increase the odds of winning the game. Card counting, perecentages, & commonsense ratios are discussed and other strategies are explained in detail. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Blakjack.wps

Sports Commitment : A 6 page paper on sport commitment involving the issues of sport enjoyment, involvement alternatives, personal investments, social constraints, and involvement opportunities. Each one of these areas of concern are discussed and defined in order to gain a more through understanding of the complex nature of sports psychology which is gaining much recognition. The details provided illustrate the many opportunities and levels of involvement that contribute to the issue of sports commitment. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Sportsco.wps

Social  & Political Issues In Sports

"Football Hooliganism" --Violence and Abandon in UK Soccer : A 7 page paper that provides an overview of the phenomenon of soccer hooliganism and suggests some of the sociological determinants that have resulted in considerable problems in the British sports arena. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Socchool.wps

Spectator Violence At Major League Baseball Games : This 5 page report discusses the incidence of violence in the stands at major league baseball games. The wtriter also examines the social factors that either encourage or support violent behavior at sporting events. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Specviol.wps

Desegregation of Major League Baseball In The United States : A 10 page paper on the integration of Black athletes into major league baseball. The writer describes the evolution of the Negro Leagues and the reasons why it would have been beneficial for these leagues to remain in effect as they contributed to social bonding. It is argued that integration damaged some of the pride and cultural experience that Black athletes enjoyed in the Negro Leagues. Desegregation brought about major opposition, ridicule, shame, etc; Irony exists in the fact that Blacks were allowed to fight and die for America-- but they could not play baseball. And once they were allowed to, nobody would accept them. Bibliography lists 15 sources. Desegreg.wps

The Media's Responsibility In Covering Sports : The writer of this 8 page research paper attempts to answer the question of whether the media can effectively serve any function in sports other than commercializing our favorite ones. It is argued that while the media does help promote our sense of spirit, motivate fans, etc.; it also helps create unfair stereotypes for athletes, undue pressure for college players, and promotes dishonesty in those whose jobs depend on winning..in front of the camera. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Sportmda.wps

The Media's Responsibility In Covering Sports # 2 : In this well-reasoned 6 page essay, the writer discusses what the media's ethical responsibilities should be in covering sports-related issues & events and how these measure up with reality. It is argued that the media spends too much time influencing the opinions of fans while it should really be providing objective news. Ultimately, the media's poor coverage of sports helps ruin the private lives of athletes, creates dishonesty among players & coaches, and in the specific case of college sports,-- helps draw the spotlight away from education itself. Recommended ideas about what the media should be doing are presented. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Sportmd2.wps

How Television Has Changed The Game Of Baseball : 6 pages in length. Baseball and television have had a rocky but financially rewarding union. The writer addresses various pros and cons of televised baseball, particularly with respect to the ever-increasing status of player salaries, and discusses aspects of the game that have come into existence specifically through the inclusion of television. Baseb.wps

Violence In Sports / Impact Of Athletes As Role Models : A 5 page paper examining the affect violence has on children and society at large, and particularly addresses athletes as role models. The writer argues that, even though children look on athletes as role models, they are somewhat more advanced in their thinking than adults. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Sportvio.wps

A Sociological View of Violence in Hockey : This 7 page paper discusses the sociological aspects of the violence in hockey. Issues of social approval, aggressive play, opinions of fellow team members, and public response are outlined in terms of their roles in the continuation and validation of violence in hockey. Bibliography lists 14 sources. Hockviol.wps

The Loss Of Ethics In Sports : A 5 page paper discussing the phenomena of sports’ and athletes’ unethical and, often, immoral behavior both on the playing field and off. Bibliography lists four sources. Unsports.doc

The Cons of Youth Sports : A 7 page paper the explores the negative aspects of youth sports, and includes consideration of the impacts of competativeness, parental expectations, and outside pressures on the children participating. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Youthspo.wps

The Olympic Games & What They've Come to Mean : A 6 page look at the Olympic Games; covering their history, purpose, and growth. The writer goes on to examine modern issues affecting the Olympics such as the controversy over allowing "professional athletes" to compete, disqualification of drug users, and the changing role of nationalism. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Olympics.wps

Prejudice, Professionals, & The Olympic Games : A 6 page research paper on professionalism and the Olympic Games. The writer feels that professional athletes should indeed be allowed to compete and provides documented, historic evidence to support this argument. It is believed total integration, unity, and utter lack of prejudice should be the focus of the Olympics-- not political bickering and controversy over poorly-defined rules. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Olymppro.wps

Turf Management & The Use of Pesticides on Golf Courses : A 20 page research paper on hazardous chemicals and pesticides used on golf courses. Bibliography lists at least 15 references. Golfcour.wps

Women In Sports

Athletic Participation & Academic Performance / A Study of Women Athletes : A 9 page paper that provides an overview of a proposed study of women in athletics. The hypothesis of this study is that women athletes score higher on academic achievement tests than their non-athlete counterparts. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Athaca.wps

Women’s Basketball / More Than A Sport : A 5 page overview of the importance of female participation in sports such as basketball and in the importance of this participation receiving an equal media coverage and emphasis as does male participation in sports. Correlates female participation in sports with lowered teen pregnancy, higher academic success, and less gang participation. Bibliography lists six sources. Wmnball.wps

Gender Stratification Through The Study Of Sports : In this 4 page research paper, the writer discusses what we can learn about gender stratification, roles, stereotypes in society, etc.;--through the study of sports. Just as certain social classes are associated with certain sports, each gender is more commonly associated with specific sports as well. Cultural reasons for the exclusion of women from certain key sports are analyzed. Bibliography lists 9 sources. Sportgen.wps

Title IX & Women Participating In Intercollegiate Athletics : A 7 page research paper on Title IX-- the law which first enabled women to participate in interscholastic sports. The writer summarizes Title IX and briefly discusses its history-- going on to analyze how, in the 90's,-- attention was suddenly re-focused upon its applicability to intercollegiate sports. Various cases and other controversial issues concerning women's participation in college sports are presented. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Titleix.wps

Women’s Professional Basketball / Two Leagues ? : An 8 page piece on the economics and unexpected popularity of the women's professional basketball. The paper discusses pros and cons of having two leagues and makes a statement that women's pro basketball is here to stay. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Ablwnba.wps

Women In Sports : This 10 page paper examines the various obstacles faced by female athletes, with particular emphasis on the relationship between physical fitness and self-esteem. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Womenspo.wps

Women In Sports # 2 : A 5 page paper on women's role in sports. The writer examines the historical significance of women's participation, how it changed after 1972, and the gender bias that still exists. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Femsprts.wps

Women's Basketball Injuries / Damage to The Anterior Cruciate LigamentThis 12 page, comprehensive research paper examines common basketball injuries, preventive techniques, and which groups are more likely to suffer from them. At least 80% of the discussion focuses upon women's injuries and physiological factors causing the gender to suffer more frequently from damages to the anterior cruciate ligament specifically. Numerous studies are cited. Bibliography lists more than 20 sources. Sportinj.wps

Sports & Culture

The Balinese Cockfight Vs. American Baseball : A 6 page comparative discussion of two cultural sports. The writer discusses history & heritage and compares the different levels of cultural importance played by each sport in the Balinese and American traditions. Overviews of each sport are included. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Cockfigh.wps

Gymnastics in 19th Century Germany : A 7 page paper that describes the significant developments in competitive gymnastics in Germany during the 1800s. Of special consideration are the development of schooled gymnastics processes and the participation of Germany in the first Olympiad in 1896. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Germangy.wps

Youth Sports Structure / Japan vs. the United States : A 5 page essay comparing the structure of youth sports in Japan to the structure of youth sports in the United States, concentrating primarily on the schooling period that equates to middle- and early secondary school in the United States. Japanese students operate on a modified year-round school schedule and the school days are much longer than those of the U.S. In addition, more than half of the students of middle school age also attend private tutoring classes five and six nights each week, and three hours of homework daily from the public school is common. Japanese students have little time for sports activities of any kind, and the structures between the two countries are very different. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Ythsport.wps

Professional Sports / Japan vs. the United States : A 5 page essay comparing the professional sports of Japan and the United States. Though almost every Japanese citizen follows their traditional sport of sumo wrestling, the growth of baseball in popularity and following in recent years has led even the Japanese to refer to it as the national sport. Nearly a mirror image of its American counterpart in administrative structure, it has allowed Japan to add another, unexpected, export: professional baseball players to U.S. teams. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Prosport.wps

Language of "Locker Room Jokes" Analyzed : A 5 page paper which examines the language of so-called "locker room jokes" in terms of values, assumptions, stereotypes and fears they reflect. Specifically considered are jokes based on gender, race, body image and social class and how the values and assumptions behind these ‘jokes’ translate from sport into everyday life. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Lockroom.wps

Taw Kwon Do, Discipline & Uses : A 2 page, creative essay on the various applications of Taw Kwon Do in modern society. The writer reviews several uses of this Korean martial art and discusses some personal experience with its study. Bibliography lists 1 source. Taekwan.wps

Sports Commitment : A 6 page paper on sport commitment involving the issues of sport enjoyment, involvement alternatives, personal investments, social constraints, and involvement opportunities. Each one of these areas of concern are discussed and defined in order to gain a more through understanding of the complex nature of sports psychology which is gaining much recognition. The details provided illustrate the many opportunities and levels of involvement that contribute to the issue of sports commitment. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Sportsco.wps

Variances in Leisure Practices Between Blacks & Whites : In 5 pages the author discusses the variances in leisure practices between the black and white culture. "This is a cultural variance in the leisure practices between blacks and whites, particularly those blacks and whites who are in different socioeconomic classes. Although not a significant amount of research has been done concerning the variances in leisure practices between blacks and whites, diverse conclusions have been made." Bibliography lists 4 sources. Bwleisur.wps

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