Papers On Mathematics
Page 5 of 9


Math Through the Ages, A Gentle History
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A 4 page book review. William Berlinghoff and Fernando Gouvea offer a fascinating and insightful view of the history of mathematics in their text Math Through the Ages: A Gentle History For Teachers and Others. The authors' intention in this work is to give their readers "a general feel for the lay of the land perhaps to help you become familiar with the significant landmarks" (Berlinghoff and Gouvea 5). In short, this is an overview of math history, a "brief survey" of what is in a gigantic topic (Berlinghoff and Gouvea 5). However, the appeal of this book goes deeper than this, as the authors often offer insight into the topic that helps to explain historical details, helping the reader see how math concepts developed and evolved. No additional sources cited.
Filename: khmtta.rtf
Paper Title: Math Through the Ages, A Gentle History
Mathematical Errors in 7th Grade
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This 3 page paper provides an overview of common mistakes made in seventh grade mathematics problems. This paper relates the reasons for these mistakes and their impacts for learning. Bibliography lists 1 source.
Filename: MH7GrMat.rtf
Paper Title: Mathematical Errors in 7th Grade
Mathematician Leonhard Euler’s Refutation of Pierre de Fermat’s Conjecture
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This is a 3 page paper discussing Euler’s refutation of Fermat’s conjecture. In 1637, French lawyer Pierre de Fermat wrote that he had “discovered a truly marvelous proof which this margin is too narrow to contain” in regards to a mathematical statement which had been unproven for over 1000 years. The basis of Fermat’s (“Last”) theorem or conjecture began with that of the Pythagoras equation [x.sup.2] + [y.sup.2] = [z.sup.2] which he proved “had an infinite set of whole number solutions” which related to the lengths of the sides of a rightangled triangle. Pythagoras did not know “how many solutions existed if the exponent in his equation were a number greater than 2”. Fermat claimed that “for any exponent greater than 2, there were no solutions at all”. During his lifetime however, Fermat often did not supply “proofs” of many of his theorems but many mathematicians since his time have been able to prove his claims to be correct except for that in relation to the Pythagoras equation. Swiss mathematician Leonard Euler (17071783) did however work further on many of Fermat’s theorems and “later proved that there are no solutions when the exponent is 3” and “unfortunately, an infinite number of cases remained and the casebycase method was doomed to fail”. While Fermat’s Last Theorem proved to be difficult to prove, Euler managed to disprove and refute other assertions such as “2^(2^n) = p, where p is a prime number” and found that it is only true for the first four cases provided by Fermat.
Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: TJEuler1.rtf
Paper Title: Mathematician Leonhard Euler’s Refutation of Pierre de Fermat’s Conjecture
MATHEMATICS AND THE ART OF WAR
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This 8page paper examines how mathematic applications have been used to help analyze and calcluate wars. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: MTmatwar.rtf
Paper Title: MATHEMATICS AND THE ART OF WAR
Mathematics in Investment: A Review of Two Trade Textbooks
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A 3 page overview of Nicholas Dunbar's "Inventing Money: The Story of LongTerm Capital Management and the Legends Behind It" and Roger Lowenstein's "When Genius Failed: The Rise and Fall of LongTerm Capital Management". Each of these books detail specific mathematical applications in the finance trade. The author of this paper explores their coverage of the BlackScholes Formula and its role in the collapse of the massive hedge fund LongTerm Capital Management. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: PPmathTx.rtf
Paper Title: Mathematics in Investment: A Review of Two Trade Textbooks
Mathematics in Music
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This 5 page paper considers the way that maths can be seen as present in the subject off music. The paper looks at notation, frequencies and accounting as relevant subjects in this field. The paper is written to demonstrates the wide use of mathematics in many subjects. The bibliography cites 4 sources.
Filename: TEmathmu.wps
Paper Title: Mathematics in Music
Mathematics in Sports
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An 11 page explanation of how mathematics are indeed an important tool in sports. Not only does an understanding of mathematics empower players by enabling them to use their body in the most effective manner to achieve optimum performance, mathematics are also useful in a diversity of other areas that are relevant to sports. Bibliography lists 10 sources.
Filename: PPmathSp.rtf
Paper Title: Mathematics in Sports
Mathematics Used in Accounting Practice
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This 3 page paper looks at the use of mathematics in accounting practice. Double entry bookkeeping is used as an example.
Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: SA344mth.rtf
Paper Title: Mathematics Used in Accounting Practice
Mathematics; Anxiety And Commutative, Associative, And Distributive Laws
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This 3 page paper discusses with two issues. The first part of the paper considers how to help mature students that have a mathematics anxiety may be helped before undertaking a learning course containing maths when they have not tackled the subject for many years. The second part of the paper looks at three laws that are used in algebra; commutative, associative, and distributive and considers which is the most important.
Filename: TEanxilaws.rtf
Paper Title: Mathematics; Anxiety And Commutative, Associative, And Distributive Laws
METHODOLOGY, MATH AND THE SIXTH GRADE STUDENT
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This 4 page paper discusses the application and use of various curriculum for the sixth grade math student. Specific lesson plans discussed. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: MBmath1.rtf
Paper Title: METHODOLOGY, MATH AND THE SIXTH GRADE STUDENT
Napier's Life & Works
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A short, 3 page overview of the life & works of John Napier containing brief descriptions of his major works and other people also associated with the development of logarithms.
Filename: Napier3.wps
Paper Title: Napier's Life & Works
National Statistics And Local Decisions
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A 3 page paper that begins by briefly explaining what statistics is and the purpose of statistics. The essay discusses how easily it is to misuse statistics, using the example of national teacher salary averages. Bibliography lists 4 sources.
Filename: PGstsnt.RTF
Paper Title: National Statistics And Local Decisions
Newton and Leibniz
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In this 7 page paper we look at how both of these men can be seen as the founders of calculus. The paper considers their ideas and the ways in which they were similar was well as the controversy over the publishing of these ideas. The bibliography cites 6 sources.
Filename: TEcalcul.wps
Paper Title: Newton and Leibniz
Newton’s Calculus
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A 6 page paper discussing events and conditions leading to Sir Isaac Newton’s development of calculus in the mid17th century. An expansion of “Sir Isaac Newton” (PGnewton.rtf) that provides background information on Newton’s life and the dispute with Leibniz, this paper focuses on calculus and its significance during and after the time of its invention. Bibliography lists 7 sources.
Filename: KSnewtonCalc.rtf
Paper Title: Newton’s Calculus
Number Theory / Chaos Theory
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A 10 page paper that presents the basics of chaos theory, including mathematical information in a historical context (theorists). The paper covers Lorenz, Ruelle and Takens, Benoit Mandelbrot, Einstein, Shaw and the Santa Cruz collaborative, and modern submissions. The paper concludes with a look at the possibilities of application of chaos theory to neural nets. Bibliography lists 8 sources.
Filename: Chaosthy.wps
Paper Title: Number Theory / Chaos Theory
Pascal’s Triangle
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This 4 page paper provides an overview of the central elements of Pascal's triangle. Bibliography lists 4 sources
Filename: MHPascal.rtf
Paper Title: Pascal’s Triangle
Pascal’s Triangle
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This 4 page paper provides an overview of the central elements of Pascal's triangle. Bibliography lists 4 sources
Filename: MHPasca2.rtf
Paper Title: Pascal’s Triangle
Pierre de Fermat
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A 5 page research paper that looks at the life and contributions of Pierre de Fermat, the founder of modern number theory and probability theory. The writer also looks at Fermat's last theorem, the world's 'most famous unsolved mathematical puzzle.' Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: 99fermat.doc
Paper Title: Pierre de Fermat
Piggy Bank Cash Back Promotion
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A 3 page memo to Piggy Bank's product development team explaining the process of selecting hypotheses and the rationale of including a null hypothesis. Bibliography lists 3 sources.
Filename: KSstatPigBnk.rtf
Paper Title: Piggy Bank Cash Back Promotion
Predicting the Advertising Budget for Blues, Inc.
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This 3 page paper uses various statistical methods to predict an advertising budget for Blues, Inc., a company that sells denim wear. Bibliography lists 1 source.
Filename: HVBluBud.rtf
Paper Title: Predicting the Advertising Budget for Blues, Inc.
Probability
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This 7 page gives a comprehensive view of probability, explaining how to calculate probabilities, looks at the basic concepts and how probabilities are used giving examples such as decision making, marketing and medical research. The bibliography cites 4 sources.
Filename: TEprobab.rtf
Paper Title: Probability
Probability and Sampling
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This is a 5 page paper discussing probability sampling. To properly understand inferences within a population, researchers have developed methods of sampling which combine with the concept of probability to acquire the desired results. There are various types of probability sampling each of which has its own advantages in regards to capturing a specific trend within the population. Sampling sizes are based on several factors as well which include level of confidence, population size, and sampling error among other factors.
Bibliography lists 6 sources.
Filename: TJprobs1.rtf
Paper Title: Probability and Sampling
Probability Case Study
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This 3 page paper examines a probability cases presented by the student. A couple are convicted of a crime based on their description and the statistical probability of the couple being a 1 in 12 million chance, calculated with independent variables. The paper looks at how and why the conviction may have been overturned at appeal, considering the way the probability was calculated and the way that probabilities were determined in the first place.
Filename: TEprobcase.rtf
Paper Title: Probability Case Study
Probability in Practice
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A 3 page paper addressing the fact that probability analysis often goes awry. This paper explores the potential problems that could have led to the failure of all of the engines on a three engine aircraft. Bibliography lists 1 source.
Filename: PPprobab.rtf
Paper Title: Probability in Practice
Pythagoras & Morality In Greek Philosophy
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A 9 page paper on theories of morality in Greek philosophy focusing upon the works of Pythagoras. Pythagoreanism is seen only as a theory of the universe but also as a way of salvation. Bibliography lists 5 sources.
Filename: Pythagor.wps
Paper Title: Pythagoras & Morality In Greek Philosophy
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