Con. Law -  Constitutional Law Papers -- Papers on The Law and The U.S. ConstitutionCon. Law -  Constitutional Law Papers -- Papers on The Law and The U.S. Constitution

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Are Supreme Court Decisions Really "Landmarks ?" : A 4 page discussion of Supreme Court rulings in which the writer argues that "landmark" precedents are not really as ground-breaking as they seem. The writer posits that most Supreme Court decisions have actually come from clear and concise points in the U.S. Constitution and are only reflections of changing social urges. As an example, Brown v. Board of Topeka is described as a case whose decision reflected the growing Civil Rights movement but whose "precedent" had actually been created long before in the 14th amendment. No Bibliography. Courtsup.wps

The Bill of Rights : Approx. 7 pages discussing the Bill of Rights, amendments-- and how our rights are being challenged and threatened in today's society. Specifically covered are Amendments I, IV, and X. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Billrigh.wps

The Bill of Rights & The Legacy Of Jeffersonian Democracy : A 20 page paper describing how the Bill of Rights as originally formulated in the 18th century continues to serve us today. It discusses why Jefferson, more than many of the other Founding Fathers, felt vehemently that the Bill of Rights was a necessary addition to the Constitution; the paper then looks at the ten amendments individually to show how their early conception has been reinterpreted in the twentieth century as social attitudes change. Bibliography lists sixteen sources. Bofright.wps

Natural Rights, Natural Law : A 6 page essay on James Hutson’s "The Bill of Rights and the American Revolutionary Experience," from A Culture of Rights. The essay traces the growth of our current foundation of civil law out of the "natural law" of the Enlightenment, and shows how the Bill of Rights’ codification of rights reflected this dramatic change in legislative philosophy. Bibliography lists 2 sources. Rightlaw.wps

Antitrust And Collective Bargaining In Brown v. Pro Football, Inc. : A 15 page case comment on a Supreme Court case involving antitrust and labor law exemptions. The writer details the historical background of the law in the case, the various findinngs and holdings, the dissent, and analyzes the reasoning in the decision. No additional sources cited. Collbarg.wps

Supreme Court Case Gregg v. Georgia /Argument for Petitioner : An 8 page argument for petitioner prepared for a moot court debate (re-argument of Gregg v. Georgia) and focusing on the arbitrariness of Georgia’s death penalty statute. The writer argues that Georgia’s capital punishment sentencing procedure is unconstitutional with reference to the 8th and 14th amendments of the constitution despite changes which have been implemented since Furman. No Bibliography. Gregg.wps

Supreme Court Case Analysis / Buck v. Bell : A 10 page paper discussing the Supreme Court case, Buck v. Bell, which took place in 1927. This case made it legal to force sterilization in the attempt to rid society of undesirable individuals. This applied to criminals, insane individuals, as well as developmentally disabled and poor individuals. The various aspects of this case, in relationship to previous Supreme Court cases and cases which followed the ruling of Buck vs. Bell, are discussed. Also discussed is the relevancy this case has on today’s realities in regards to many issues and individuals, including those most currently effected, the developmentally disabled and the incarcerated. Bibliography lists 9 sources. Bkvbl.wps

Mandatory Death Penalty In Louisiana And The Nation: The Impact Of Roberts vs. Louisiana : A 9 page overview of the legislative history of the mandatory death penalty. Cites specific cases and provides considerable information about the 1976 Supreme Court ruling in Roberts vs. Louisiana. Bibliography lists 9 sources. DeathSen.wps

Conflicting Laws Add To Confusion In Prison Reform : A 5 page paper that discusses the fact that Furman v. Georgia (1972) and Gregg v. Georgia (1976) findings have led to many opposing dictates in regards capital punishment. Among other cases, they are the basis of how prisoners are treated by the justice system, especially those awaiting execution on death row. However, these opinions have extended to treatment of all incarcerated prisoners, mostly related to medical treatment of prisoners. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Furgregg.wps

Court Case Shipper v. Levitt & Sons, Inc. : A 4 page hypothetical decision for a law case about whether the developer and builder of a house, can be held liable, on the principles of negligence or warranty / strict liability for scalding injury sustained by the plaintiff’s 16 month old son which was due to the failure of defendant to install a water temperature reducing mixing valve, if its installation was recommended by the water boiler manufacturer. Law-exm2.wps

Taxman vs. Piscataway / Employment Discrimination & Title VII Affirmative Action : A 5 page paper that provides an analytical case study of the US Circuit Court of Appeals case of Taxman vs. Piscataway, and considers how this case might have been evaluated by the US Supreme Court. Bibliography lists 1 source. Taxman.wps

John Marshall & The Development Of the Supreme Court : This 5 page paper looks at the evolution of the Supreme Court and the influence of Supreme Court Justice John Marshall. Marshall's role in the development of judicial review by the landmark case Marbury v. Madison is included. One source cited. Jmarshall.wps

John Marshall / Chief Justice : A 10 page research paper that focuses on the accomplishments of Chief Justice Marshall and the controversy surrounding his actions in the Supreme Court. The writer focuses on interstate commerce, judicial review and single opinion in terms of the political climate of his day. Discussion also includes long-term influences on the Supreme Court and the nation. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Jmarsh.wps

Marbury v. Madison : A 5 page research paper on this Supreme Court case. The writer details the history surrounding it, the decision itself, and its historic significance. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Marbury.wps

Examining The Dred Scott Decision (Dred Scott v. Sandford) : A 3 page essay arguing in support of Dred Scott with regard to this landmark decision. Basis of argument is Constitutional rights to freedom, and that the Supreme Court should have reviewed venue rather than try the case on its merits. Dred.wps

Dred Scott Case Overview and Legacy : A 6 page research paper on the Dred Scott case. The writer provides a lengthy overview of the case and posits that it has led to an ongoing legacy of Supreme Court hassles over states’ rights and the nonexistent "majority rule" question. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Cndrdsct.wps

Dred Scott v. Sanford & Bowers v. Hardwick : A 5 page paper that compares and contrasts the decision in Dred Scott v. Sanford with Bowers v. Hardwick in regard to discrimination based on sexual orientation and race. The paper looks at the court's opinions in regard to constitutional interpretations of discrimination. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Bowers.wps

Griggs v. Duke Power Co. : This landmark case is ttributed with the inglorious result of installing all of the perceived negative equal opportunity requirements in effect in the United States. In this 5 page paper, the writer looks at the ongoing legacy inherited from this trial, including quota systems, disparate impact and race-norming. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Griggs.wps

North Carolina v. Alford : The Supreme Court case of North Carolina v. Alford began as the determination of the Appellate Court that Henry Alford might have been forced by circumstances to plead guilty to crime because of the fear of the death penalty. This 15 page paper that outlines the Supreme Court case and provides an overview of the appelate process leading up to the case. This paper also considers the importance of this case in criminal justice determinations. Bibliography lists 10 sources. Alfordca.wps

United States v. Marion : A 15 page overview of the Supreme Court judgement in the case which overturned the dismissal of the United States' fraud case against Marion. Bibliography lists 9 sources. Usmarion.wps

Gitlow vs. New York : An 11 page paper arguing the validity of the Supreme Court decision of this case. Gitlow v. New York was decided in 1925 and is studied today as a classic case of the limits of the freedom of speech guaranteed under the First Amendment. New York tried and convicted Benjamin Gitlow on charges of criminal anarchy in two counts: one was for advocating the overthrow of the government; the other was for publishing a booklet doing the same. The reason for the continued interest in the case is not so much the issue of freedom of speech for the individual, but is studied more for the value of both the majority opinion and the dissenting view of Justices Holmes and Brandeis. Each side presents value in their arguments, but it appears from the perspective of 75 years later that the dissenting view is more reasonable than that of the majority. Bibliography lists 11 sources. Gitlowny.wps

The Origins Of The U.S. Constitution : This 15 page overview explores the origins of the Constitution. Included are references to John Locke and Baron de Montesquieu who supported the theory of civic humanism. Also discussed is the applicability of earlier documents such as the Magna Carter and the Mayflower Compact. A discussion of constitutional amendments and how concepts have changed over time is also included. Bibliography lists 15 sources. Consorig.wps

Historic Controversy Over the U.S. Constitution : A 5 page discussion of the controversy between Federalists and Anti-Federalists that ensued regarding the original ratification of the U.S. Constitution. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Federali.wps

Major Issues In Constitutional History : A 9 page paper that discusses the arguments in regards to abortion, affirmative action and the ERA and takes an individual look at the history and legal ramifications of each. The text utilizes compelling looks at the different perspectives on these issues, and the paper presents individual opinions on each. Conhist.wps

Machiavelli / Influence On The Federalist Papers : A 6 page research paper on Machiavelli's influence on the Federalist Papers. The writer details Machiavelli's political txes, and the similarities in the Constitution and the Federalist apologies for it. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Machfed.wps

The Federalist Papers & The Role Of The Judiciary : A 5 page paper outlining the role of the Judiciary Branch of the federal government and how this role is clarified by the Federalist Papers written in 1777 and 1778. No additional sources are listed. Fedjud.wps

Madison’s Federalist Papers : A 6 page paper which discusses how the major ideas of the Federalist Papers #10 and #51 influenced and shaped the guiding philosophy and institutional structures of the constitution of the United States. Bibliography lists 2 sources. Fpapers.wps

James Madison and Federalist Paper No. 10 : A 5 page paper that describes what Madison termed the "disease" that was common to all republics, and uses his arguments to demonstrate the necessity for a new Constitution as a "cure." No additional sources cited. Madi10.wps

James Madison/The Tenth Federalist (Federalist papers) : A 2 page explication of Madison’s argument in the Tenth Federalist (Federalist Papers) relating to faction and the instability of government under the Articles of Confederation. Included is his proposal to remedy the situation by the construction of a union of states via Adoption of the Constitution. No Bibliography. Const2.wps

Was The United States Intended As A Democracy / Yes! : 6 pages in length. There is no question that the United States of America was built on a foundation of democracy and liberty for each and every citizen. The writer discusses the fact that it is by way of this infrastructure of democratic rule that the country has been able to enjoy and pursue the various constitutional rights inherent with being an American. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Democrcy.wps

The Constitution And The Revolution : A 5 page research paper discussing whether the Constitution was a revolutionary document or whether it overturned the revolution. The writer details revolutionary principles, and applies them to the provisions of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Bibliography lists 2 sources. Constrev.wps

An Enlightening Symposium / Philosophy In World Literature : An 8 page transcript of an imaginary symposium set in an eternal "now" in which Jean-Baptiste Moliere, Mme. de Lafayette, Jonathan Swift, François Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Charlotte Bronte, and a Moderator discuss their philosophies. Special attention is given to the dichotomy of reason versus passion, and of the individual versus society. No sources. Panel.wps

Evolution of Abortion Law Analyzed : This 10 page research paper chronicles the evolution of U.S. abortion legislation by examining landmark Supreme Court case law decisions. Specifically discussed are historic cases including Griswold v. Connecticut (1965), Roe v. Wade (1973), Harris v. McRae (1980), and Akron v. Akron Center For Reproductive Health, Inc. (1983). Bibliography lists 9 sources. Abortlaw.wps

Brown v. Board Of Ed As Viewed By Kluger : A 5 page look at the sociopolitical climate under which much of the country operated in during the time following the Brown v Board of Education decision. When the Supreme Court drew the line on allowing more time for states to come into compliance, it sounded the end of leniency on many issues for which there should be none. Brown v Board of Education carried implications far beyond that of equal public school instruction. No bibliography. Brownklu.wps

Integration After Brown v. Board Of Ed : The Brown vs. Board of Education (1954) decision is highlighted in this 8 page paper that looks at school segregation. Several cases, such as Missouri vs. Jenkins (1990), which have served to demonstrate a reversal of the original order, are included. The paper concludes that despite the problems with Brown, which are also noted, integration is sorely needed in a society that is still racially divided. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Afterbrown.doc

Brown vs. Board of Ed -- Its Impact Today : In this 7 page paper, the writer analyzes the impact of the landmark Brown vs. Board of Education decision of 1954. It is demonstrated that, although the Supreme Court had good intentions when deciding against segregation, the hidden racial agendas caused by this decision have had lasting effects. After over 40 years, the positive affects of the decision are questioned.  Bibliography lists 7 sources. Brownvs.wps

John Scopes Trial : In 5 pages the author discusses the John Scopes Trial. July 21, 1925 was a morning that many will never forget. It was a hot day in the Rhea County Courthouse in Dayton, Tennessee. The players: Judge John T. Raulston, two worthy attorneys, and of course, and John Thomas Scopes. The event: The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes. The significance: This was the famous "monkey trial," in which the decision was being made to the legality of the Butler Act that forbade the teaching of evolution in public schools. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Jscopes.wps

Freedom Of Speech, The Press, & NY Times v. Sullivan : A 3 page essay on this ground-breaking case which held that libel with actual malice against a public official is not protected by the First Amendment. The writer clarifies the implications of this landmark decision and how it helps re-define issues concerning the press -- and whether or not it is liable for "honest mistakes" printed about public officials. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Nytimes.wps

"Reckless Disregard" aka Libel : This 5 page report discusses the basics of libel law within the realm of mass communication. The writer discusses the courts’ definition of libel as well as noting several cases dealing with "reckless disregard." Bibliography lists 7 sources. Rdlibel.wps

The Legal Right to Deny Access : A 21 page argument for the right to deny access to certain political parties (namely, the KKK & Nazis) and groups under State and Federal statutes and policy at a large state university. The paper is separated into sections on State statutes and university policy, applicable federal case law [including first amendment considerations] and the opinions of lesser authorities. The writer argues that the university would have to rely on a combination of all sources to deny access. Bibliography lists 20 sources. Lawpaper.wps

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 : This 3 page paper discusses Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The section refers to equal opportunities in education for students with disabilities. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Sect504.wps

Supreme Court Usurps Individual Rights : A 5 page paper that argues the following: over the years, individual rights have been denied by the Supreme Court. In the criminal justice system, this has lead to the relaxing of laws to the extent that our Fifth and Sixth Amendment rights have been seriously infringed upon. All rights to personal freedoms in the workplace have been taken away by the Supreme Court, and women’s rights to abortion have been substantially reduced. The remaining issue for many of us is the Supreme Court’s decision on First Amendment rights in regards to imposed decency on the Internet. This decision is expected within the next month. We can only hope it is not their desire to usurp further rights from United States citizenry. The affect on global Internet business is inestimable. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Copies of sources included. Usurp.wps

History of Women’s Rights in America : A 6 page paper discussing various women throughout American history that have influenced or fought for women’s rights. A discussion of Stanton and Anthony is illustrathed, describing some of the issues that revolved around the women’s convention of 1848. Stanton’s daughther also fought for women’s rights and is highlighthed within. The last woman to illustrathe the many gains achieved within the field of women’s rights, is Eleanor Roosevelt, who through her position and strength was able to gain some significant measures, or at least recognition, for women. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Hwram.wps

Interstate Commerce and Picketing / Consitutional Issues : A 4 page essay on a hypothetical scenario and the constitutionality of a law prohibiting the interference with interstate commercy. The writer details the constitutional theories on which the law could be struck down. No bibliography. Icc.wps

Censorship In School Is Not Right : 6 pages in length. To be told what is permissible reading material and what is not is a direct violation of the First Amendment of the Constitution. Yet all across the country, school library shelves are being stripped of books that certain individuals and groups deem as unacceptable. Censorship is alive and well in the United States; its ripple effect on America's students is often as damaging as reading one of many so-called controversial books. The writer reveals why censorship in today's schools is both a violation of First Amendment rights, as well as a ploy for radicals and liberals alike to control the minds of our children. Schlcens.wps

The Right To Die / Legal Issues & The Quinlan Case : The sociolegal controversy over an individual's right to die is one that has attempted to re-define death and to question when it actually occurs (i.e., brain death or heart death ?). This 2 page essay looks at the infamous Karen Quinlan case in which the Supreme Court granted Ms. Quinlan's family the right to let her die (ruling that "No compelling interest of the state could compel her to endure the unendurable") -- but she continued to live on anyway after being removed from life-sustaining medical equipment. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Quinlan.wps

Legal Opposition to Joe Camel Cigarette Advertisements : A 6 page paper that demonstrates the applicability of legal processes against the RJ Reynolds "Joe Camel" Advertising campaign. This paper supports the belief that limits can be set on this type of advertising without infringing upon First Amendment rights. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Camel.wps

Hate Crimes & The Landmark Case Of Wisconsin vs. Mitchell : This 10 page paper analyzes the controversial case of Wisconsin vs. Mitchell -- over a state statute which allowed longer sentences for people convicted of violating existing laws if they chose their victim because of race, religion, disability or sexual orientation. The writer analyzes the actual crimes as it was committed, the facts of the case, and litigation as it occurred at every level. Views of the American Civil Liberties Union and other organizations are expressed. Relevant legal and sociopolitical analysis follows. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Wiscmit.wps

Critique Of "The Case for H.R. 1534: Equal Access to the Courts" : A 5 page paper discussing the implications of the Private Property Rights Implementation Act of 1997, which gave property owners claiming violation of their constitutional rights regarding the use of their land equal access to federal district court already enjoyed by anyone else making a similar claim for any reason but land use. Before the rule, it could take years for a property owner to be allowed access to federal court by state courts—one elderly lady spent six years and untold legal fees before "winning" a Supreme Court case allowing her case to be heard in a federal district court. Eqlacc.wps

Personal Property & The Constitution : A 6 page paper looking at James W. Ely, Jr.,’s book The Guardian of Every Other Right, together with Charles Reich’s article "The New Property." The paper looks at the issue of property rights from a historical standpoint, concluding with Reich’s ominous warning that the government has invisibly robbed us of the most precious property we have -- our independence. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Persprop.wps

McCloskey’s "The American Supreme Court" : A 5 page paper analyzing Robert McCloskey’s book. Our nation was founded on the principles underlying fundamental laws that assure the rights of the people of the nation. The Supreme Court is charged with protecting those fundamental laws, but also with preserving popular sovereignty, which is the freedom under which we live. Because popular sovereignty is such an overriding factor in the justification of the Supreme Court, we likely will continue to have controversy stemming from the rights of the government versus the rights of the people. Mclos.wps

"The Marble Palace" / The Supreme Court In American Life : In 5 pages, the writer discusses John P. Frank's The Marble Palace: The Supreme Court in American Life, and gives a general analysis of points, ideas, etc. No additional sources cited. Marbpal.wps

"Storm Center" / The Supreme Court In American Politics : In 5 pages, the writer discusses David M. O'Brien's book, and makes a general analysis of the point and ideas thereof. No additional sources cited. Storcent.wps

Peter Iron's "The Courage of Their Convictions" : 5 pages in length. The writer discusses the racism involved in the case of Robert Mack Bell v. Maryland as presented by Peter Iron in his well-publicized book. Ironcou.wps

Legal Precedent For The Suppression Of Evidence : A 12 page analysis of a case against two cocaine dealers in which the writer presents a defense via suppression of evidence rules as a rersult of illegal search and seizure processes that occurred. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Druglaw.wps

Historic Controversy Over the U.S. Constitution : A 5 page discussion of the controversy between Federalists and Anti-Federalists that ensued regarding the original ratification of the U.S. Constitution. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Federali.wps

Judicial Bias : A 19 page research paper on judicial bias and its various forms. The writer details conservative and liberal bias in the federal courts, ideological bias, racial and sex bias, and corruption. Bibliography lists 15 sources. Judgbias.wps

Karl Llewellyn & Jerome Frank / Two Theoretical Perspectives on Judicial Reasoning : This 8 page paper provides an overview of the theoretical bases provided by Karl Llewellyn and Jerome Frank and they relate to judicial reasoning. This paper applies their theories on constitutionality, doctrinal development and persuasion as they can be distinguished in US Appellate Court cases like the United States v. Black, United States v. Rhodes, and United States v. Oliver. MHllew.wps

Judicial Review : The debate over whether or not the courts should embrace judicial restraint or judicial activism is reviewed in this 5 page paper. The purpose of judicial review is discussed. Roe v. Wade is highlighted as an example of a case that continues to be discussed as both an exemplification of restraint and review. Robert Bork is portrayed as a contemporary philosopher who supports restraint, or even discarding review altogether. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Judrev.wps

Judicial Review # 2 : In 6 pages, the writer discusses the concept of judicial review, what it is, how it works, agencies involved, etc. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Jrev2.wps

Judicial Review & Its Ultimate Impact Upon Public Administration/Book Review : 4 pages in length. An analytical review of Earl M. Maltz's book entitled "Rethinking Constitutional Law: Originalism, Interventionism, and the Politics of Judicial Review" in which the writer finds Maltz's views to be unrealistic because they tend to de-recognize the human qualities of judicial members. This essay largely examines political participation and its role in public administration. Standard bibliography lists more than 10 sources and a Free annotated bibliography details their usage in brief. Please send us e-mail for more details. Judicial.wps

Interest Groups and the U.S. Supreme Court : 15 pages in length. Excellent for anyone studying judicial systems or public administration ...With much attention paid to several modern cases, this report examines the role that special interest groups have in determining the decisions of Supreme Court Justices. It is argued that special interest groups have actually come to have a bit too much power today and that their resulting abuses should be curtailed. The cases of Clarence Thomas and of Robert Bork are used as primary points of discussion. Bibliography lists 11 sources and a FREE annotated bibliography briefly describes their use in the paper. Judicnom.wps

Information Theory as an Explanation for Policy Failure : This 6 page report discusses public policy and whether or not when policy fails, if "implementation theory" can be pointed to as a convincing explanation of the failure. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Polfail.wps

Socio-Political Importance Of The U.S. Supreme Court : In this 3 page essay, the writer argues both that the Supreme Court is crucial to decision-making and that the power of control should rest perhaps in logical interpretation of the Constitution. Largely a review of one particular book on the subject, this argument is made based upon examples from several landmark Supreme Court cases. Bibliography lists 1 source. Suprcort.wps

The U.S. Supreme Court’s Policy-Making Authority : An 8 page discussion on the Supreme Court's broad policy-making authority in which the writer analyzes whether or not the Court's role has deviated from the Founder's original intent. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Scourt.wps

Thomas Jefferson, Slavery, and the Hypocrisy of our Founding Fathers : In this well-written 5 page essay, it is argued that Thomas Jefferson and various other "Founding Fathers" of the United States were hypocritical in drafting that "all men are created equal"- when many of them were known --among others things-- to be slave owners. The writer acknowledges that the Framers were aware of this hypocrisy and discusses the socioeconomic and political dilemma that they faced in making pertinent decisions. A number of rarely-known facts such as the Constitutional provision which outlawed the barring of slavery until at least 1808 are used to illustrate this essay's main points. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Jeffslav.wps

Confederation to Constitution : A 5 page essay that argues for the powers given the federal government in the Constitution to regulate the states as opposed to the more autonomous semi-country status the states had under the Articles of Confederation. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Confcons.wps

U.S. Constitution / Economy vs. Bill of Rights.. A 6 page paper that posits that although the constitution framed at the Philadelphia Convention in 1787 is an excellent document, that the framers left a document that continues to pit people against economic rights. Touted as a democracy, individuals do not have true electoral power. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Ecnybill.wps

Abortion & The Husband's Right to Know :- (Approx. 12 pages- total). Notes and partial essays on well-known cases such as Pennsylvania's Planned Parenthood vs. Casey and the implications it has for a husband's right to know that his wife is getting an abortion. Thematic argument here is in favor of the husband's right to know and to participate in the decision-making process. No bibliography available. Aborhusb.wps

Abortion / A Moral Issue No Matter How One Looks At It : 10 pages in length.
A realistic look at the pro-choice (abortion) argument and its implications. From both a social and a political standpoint, it is argued that abortion is a moral choice on any level. Relevant issues, debates, feelings, theories, beliefs, etc; are evaluatively assessed to build and support the writer's argument. Supreme Court issues are included in the discussion as well. Bibliography lists 16 sources. Prochoic.wps

Pro - Choice / Why Women Must Have Free Choice in Reproductive Decisions : This 8 page argument supports a woman’s right to make the decision to have an abortion. The debate has raged for decades and its time to say enough is enough! Bibliography list seven sources. Womneed.wps

Abortion as the Right of any Woman Under Any Circumstances : A 5 page paper discussing abortion based essentially around the book by Jonathan Glover entitled, "Causing Death and Saving Lives." The premise is that a woman should be able to obtain an abortion regardless of the reasons. It is the choice of the woman as it is her body in question and no one has to make that right for her. Other sources aside from Glover’s book are used to either support the idea or to demonstrate the opposing views. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Abortri.wps

Roe v. Wade / Defense of Constitutional Rights : An 8 page argumentative essay on Roe v. Wade, covering: original Supreme Court decision, economic, legal and political impact, benefits to society, and refutation arguments. No additional sources cited. Roevwade.wps

Roe v. Wade & Griswold v. CT / Reproductive Rights Issues : A 5 page paper that outlines the basic arguments in both of these cases and considers the justification and a comparison of arguments in both. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Roe.wps

Abortion and Fetal Rights : A 7 page paper that considers the issue of the rights of a fetus, and demonstrates the correlation between the rights and responsibilities of an adult and the same rights and responsibilities of a fetus when applied to the topic of abortion. Bibliography lists 2 sources. Abort.wps

Advertising Alcohol & Constitutional Rights : A 12 page paper in which the author argues that bans and restrictions places upon alcohol advertisements violate first amendment rights. Bibliography lists 18 sources. Alcohoad.wps

Advertising Is Not Free Press : A series of well-thought argumentative reasons (discussed briefly in 2 pages) why the writer believes that advertising should not fall under 'Freedom of the Press." No Bibliography. Freeadv2.wps

The Exclusionary Rule : This 5 page paper examines The Exclusionary Rule in which evidence seized illegally [4th amendment] cannot be used as evidence at trial. The writer is particularly concerned with cases in which the exclusionary rule has been applied successfully as well as relevant constitutional/legal arguments pertinent to the rule. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Excrule.wps

The Thirteenth Amendment / Are All Men Created Equal ? : This 10 page paper asks whether or not minorities are treated fairly in America today. The 13th amendment effectively freed the slaves and deemed every citizen equal to one another regardless of race. The writer takes the stance that the promises made have not been realized. Solutions are explored and a discussion on the appropriateness of affirmative action is also included. Bibliography lists 9 sources. 13amend.wps

Nineteenth Amendment and Suffrage : A 5 page paper that looks at how the people involved in the debate fashioned their debates in support or against the right to vote for women. Bibliography lists more than 5 sources. Suffrage.wps

Rawls v. Locke / Right to Property : A 7 page comparative essay on the argument by looking at Locke's discourse on property rights of individuals and Rawls' response to the basic sections. The paper issues an opinion that the argument is so divese it has no remedy on middle ground. Two sources cited. Property.wps

Astrology & The First Amendment : Approximately 50 analytical and opinionated pages that attempt to respond to the title question : "Astrology, Psychics, Superstition, Cults in America: Symptoms of a malfunctioning First Amendment?" No bibliography. Astrlogy.wps

(The) First Amendment : 9 pages which analytically examine whether or not the 1st amendment has "lived up" to the expectation of its drafters. Bibliography contains 18 legal references. 1stamd.wps

First Amendment and Terrorism : A 14 page paper that provides an overview of the issues related to applying First Amendment rights to freedom of speech and religion to organized terrorism. Bibliography lists 8 sources. 1amterr.wps

Free Speech : 6 pages on the importance of free speech and the First Amendment. Various Supreme Court cases are cited and the writer stresses the importance of protecting our right to freedom of expression etc; Bibliography lists 12+ sources. Amerfree.wps

Hate Speech / Various Arguments in Favor of Its Demise : A 10 page research paper that expresses various reasons for abridging the First Amendment and outlawing hate speech in the United States. The writer uses a universal approach which includes arguments from Nature (science), politics, philosophy, and religion/spirituality. The writer posits that what is really at stake is the survival of society. Bibliography lists 11 sources. Hatespee.wps

Pornography and the First Amendment : A 9 page research paper on the implications of Paris Adult Theater v. Slaton to the continued showing of pornographic films. The writer explains the holdings of the case and discusses the scientific support for the ill effects of pornography, and whether it should continue. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Porn1sta.wps

Paparazzi / A Right to Free Expression? : A 7 page paper supporting the right of paparazzi to exist as a profession, because to ban them would threaten the First Amendment’s guarantee of free expression. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Paparazz.wps

U.S. v. Jake Baker : A 5 page essay on the free speech implications (Internet) of the results of the pretrial hearing in this case. The writer argues that since the case did not go to trial, the court's findings were supportive of First Amendment rights. These rights are discussed in light of the three points of proof raised by Judge Cohn at the pretrial hearing. Bibliography lists 1 source. Comdecy.wps

Obscenity : A 5 page paper analyzing the conviction of Robert Thomas for interstate transmission of pornography and its implications for free speech, particularly with concern for the Internet. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Obscen.wps

The Supreme Court & The Communications Decency Act : A 7 page paper on the "repeal" of the Telecommunications Decency Act. The paper presents the main points of Attorney Janet Reno's argument, the main points of the ACLU's counterarguments, and the Justices agreement with the ACLU's main points of argument: freedom of speech, ambiguous protection, case law discrepancies. The paper also discusses dissenting opinion. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Telact.wps

Ethical Dimensions & Legal Considerations In Public-Speaking : Recognizing that there is an ethical dimension to public speaking, one must assess the ethical impact of words upon a crowd. This is an important issue for democracies, where the quality of politics depends heavily on the quality of public discourse. In this 15 page research paper, an in-depth look at concerns over ethics, morals, religious statements etc; and their relevance to free speech rights are considered in light of the unique situation faced by public speakers. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Publicsp.wps

Second & Fourth Amendments Examined : These two amendments are looked at in light of several contemporary issues in this 8 page paper. The amendments are also discussed historically, inclusive of their origins and examples throughout the history of the nation. Recent examples that involve such issues are shown, including Ruby Ridge, Waco and the shooting of five people in Arkansas in March of 1998. Bibliography lists 7 sources. 2nd4th.wps

Book Review / The Establishment Clause : A 5 page comprehensive analysis of Leonard Levy's (1986) "The Establishment Clause: Religion and the First Amendment." It is pointed out that only in the middle decades of the 20th century have the religious clauses of the U.S. Constitution been so extensively interpreted by the U.S. Supreme Court as the basis for a religiously pluralistic society. The writer then goes into a thorough explication of issues explored by Levy and posits that Congress often acts beyond its inherent Constitutional boundaries. Estabcla.wps

Book Review / The Establishment Clause : Similar to Estabcla.wps (above)- this 5 page report discusses Leonard Levy's book, "The Establishment Clause: Religion and the First Amendment" which traces the sources of disestablishment since the colonial experience. Levy concludes that, Congress in writing the religious freedom clause, took the broad view, flatly prohibiting government support to religion in general - i.e. to all denominations, without discrimination. Full citation for book provided in bibliography. Estabcl2.wps

Wayne Swanson's "The Christ Child Goes to Court" : A 5 page paper that considers the arguments of the Supreme Court in the case of Lynch v. Donnelly as represented in Swanson's book. No additional sources cited. Christch.doc

Tinker v. Des Moines School District : A 5 page research paper on the constitutional right of students to wear symbols of protest in school. The writer details the First Amendment issues, the findings of the Supreme Court, and the significance of the case. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Tinker.wps

The Constitutional Rights of Teachers : A 10 page research paper which takes a detailed look at the ramification of the First, Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments of the Constitution and how they impact teachers. Case law is given pertaining to each amendment. The writer also discusses how Constitutional law has impacted such topics as tenure. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Tchright.wps

Religious Freedom Restoration Act : The 1996-1997 US Supreme Court produced a number of important rulings, including the constitutionality of the Brady gun law and issues like doctor assisted suicide. But the Court's decision to strike down the Religious Freedom Restoration Act on June 25, 1997, was perhaps one of the most controversial rulings. This 16 page research paper provides an overview of the Supreme Court ruling that overturned the RFRA. Bibliography lists 12 sources. Relfree.doc

The Role of Judges In A Litigious Society & School Prayer : A 12 page paper that considers the role of judges in the increasingly litigious American society as demonstrated by the issue of school prayer. This paper provides a number of case examples to demonstrate the complex role of judges in designing national morality. Bibliography lists 9 sources. Judges.wps

School Prayer & The First Amendment & The Establishment Clause : A 6 page paper on the double edged sword of religious liberty in the First Amendment to the Constitution and the prohibition of establishment of religion as it relates to the controversy over mandated prayer or "moments of silence" in the classroom. Social, political, theological, & U.S. Supreme Court arguments are examined and the writer ultimately concludes that the State must not be allowed to coerce us into acknowledging any religion -- Banning school prayer will ultimately serve a greater good and contribute to the provision of true Democratic justice in America. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Schlpry2.wps

School Prayer & The First Amendment / Filing Of Amicus Curae Briefs : In this 12 page report, the writer attempts to determine what organizations & groups would file Amicus Curae ("friend-of-the-court") briefs in a hypothetical school prayer case concerning issues of the First Amendment & The Establishment Clause. The writer also discusses other legal proceedings including case presented that would most likely be used by attorneys on both sides of the argument. Opinions and possible repercussions are explained. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Schlpryr.wps *Please send us e-mail for more information !

Prayer In The Public Schools Of America : This 5 page argumentative essay examines Americans’ right to pray in school or anywhere else. Argument evolves from information on speeches by Sen. Jesse Helm, Jay Alen Sekulow, and Sen. Mark Hatfield. No bibliography. Scprayer.wps

A History of Desegregation : An 8 page paper that provides an overview of the history of desegregation in the United States that stemmed from the Brown v. the Board of Education decision and the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Deseghis.wps

The Issue Of Gun Control : 5 pages in length. It is an issue that tugs at the very core of humanity's struggle to maintain its Constitutional freedoms; one in which opponents are pitted against one another in an effort to hail their side victorious in the ongoing battle. This issue is gun control, and it is as equally divided as any problem would be when one's rights are on the line. In essence, the hotly debated topic represents two evenly endorsed sides: those who want guns removed from society at all levels beyond law enforcement, and the other side who says the right to bear arms is everyone's right. The writer gives an overview of the debate, represents each side's argument and then supports the side that favors gun control. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Guniss.wps

Gun Control & The Second Amendment : 14 page research paper arguing against Gun Control and for the protection of our 'right to bear arms.' Very detailed and comprehensively argued with a primary focus on detailing the U.S. constitution and the Second Amendment. Bibliography lists 29 sources. Guncont.wps

Gun Control / Argument : A 9 page argumentative essay entitled "Guns Don't Kill People, People Kill People" in which the writer uses case examples and statistics to prove their thesis that banning firearms does not reduce, prevent, nor deter crime. Frequent mention is made of the Second Amendment to support these points. Bibliography lists approximately 9 sources. Guncont3.wps

Gun Control : An 8 page research paper that looks at both sides of the gun control issue. The writer looks at the US and the UK as being representative of the opposite ends of the spectrum on gun control policies. The United States has the loosest control of private handgun ownership and Britain has one of the strictest. Comparing the two positions of pro-gun factions in the US, such as the National Rifle Association (NRA), with the position of most Britons is instructive because the Britons have achieved the goals that pro-gun control proponents in the US only dream about. In 1996, Briton passed laws that came close to banning the ownership of private weapons. Bibliography lists 9 sources. Gunpolic.wps

Ineffectiveness Of Gun Control : In 8 pages, the writer discusses the ineffectiveness of gun control laws. "Effectiveness of gun control laws is a misnomer. Gun control laws are ineffective. In fact, they are considered to be counter productive to their purpose. The socioeconomic variables have more of an impact on gun related deaths than do gun control laws. Guns are not the root of crime, the problems of society are the root cause of crime." One-page sentence outline included. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Ineffgun.wps

The Right to Bear Arms : A 15 page argumentative essay in support of the Second Amendment right to bear arms. The paper explores the history behind the Constitutional Amendment, gun legislation, new legal and historian interpretations of the Amendment, and public opinions on the issue--leading to the final conclusion in support of the Second Amendment. Bibliography lists 16 sources. Gunsyes.wps gun control

"The Right To Bear Arms" Analyzed : A 6 page paper examining the most controversial portion of the U.S. Constitution, the Second Amendment, or "the right to bear arms." A historical background will be provided to illustrate the Founding Fathers’ rationale behind placing this as one of the most fundamental of citizens’ rights, the recent controversy regarding the Second Amendment, and the reasons why Americans still need the right to bear arms in contemporary society. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Beararms.wps

The Case Against Gun Control In New Jersey : The issue is examined in terms of New Jersey legislation in this 5 page paper. The argument made is that citizens should have the right to carry concealed weapons for self protection and that such law would have a deterrent effect. Several relevant cases are noted and statistics are cited as well. Bibliography includes 6 sources. Gunagen.wps

Louisiana Gun Laws : A 7 page essay on handgun laws in the state of Louisiana which examines the controversy which surrounds this issue. Both sides' arguments are presented as this paper tells of the most current skirmishes in a battle to see which will eventually take precedence--an individual's right to self protection or safety issues. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Louisian.wps

Controversy In Texas - Should The Concealed Handgun Law Be Repealed ? :
A 9 page essay on the controversial concealed handgun law in which the writer discusses stories from both sides of the issues. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Handgun.wps

The Question Of Gun Control / Our Constitutional Right To Bear Arms : A 5 page paper that looks at the Second Amendment and the few gun control cases and laws that have been passed over the centuries since. The paper defends the right to bear arms and posits that the right to bear arms is not only a constitutional right, but a historic imperative based on the general public's historic experiences with centrist governments and centrist movements--and what "militia" means in this context. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Yesguns.wps

The NRA, Hand Gun Control & Current Arguments : A 5 page paper that provides a comprehensive overview of the elements expressed in an NRA web site and then considers the implications in terms of social perspectives, gun control and the current arguments both for and against gun control. Bibliography lists 1 source. NRAhand.wps

Gun Control is Necessary : In 4 pages the author discusses the theory that gun control is necessary. People need firearms, but those firearms should be restricted. Not just any person should be able access firearms. This necessitates harsh laws toward gun use. The American people can not have it both ways. If they wish to have firearms there must be control. If they wish to not be controlled, then they should be willing to give up their firearms. Bibliography lists10 sources. NessGun.wps

Fourth Amendment / Its History v. The Current Message : An 8 page paper that provides an overview of the history and current application of the 4th Amendment. Bibliography lists 7 sources. 4thamen2.wps

The Pros and Cons of the Fourth Amendment : A 5 page research paper on the origins and features of the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The writer details the language of the amendment, its origins, the exclusionary rule, and the pros and cons of each aspect. Bibliography lists 5 sources. 4thamend.wps 4th amendment

The Fourth Amendment / Its Relevance To The O.J. Simpson Case : A 5 page overview of the Fourth Amendment and its Relevance to the Search and Seizure involved in recovering evidence in the recent O.J. Simpson murder trial. Bibliography lists 5 sources. 4thoj.wps

The Supreme Court And Doctor-Assisted Suicide : 5 pages in length. Within the past year, the Supreme Court has had to grapple with many controversial issues and decide accordingly the best way to appease both the law and the public. Its current decision about whether to include doctor-assisted suicide within the boundaries of the law was monumental and unprecedented. The writer offers an opinionated paper discussing the widely awaited decision allowing individual states to conclude for themselves whether to permit doctor-assisted suicides. Bibliography lists 2 sources. Dasuicide.wps

Deregulation in the Telecommunications Industry : A 7 page research paper on the Telecommunications Act of 1996, and recent developments in the industry. The writer details the provisions of the Act, the moves toward merger among the large companies, and critics reactions to them. Bibliography lists 9 sources. Telereg.wps

Deregulation Of Telecommunications : A 5 page paper discussing the deregulation of the telecommunications industry in the US and the UK, citing the merits of deregulation. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Teleco.wps

Pornography On The Internet : A 6 page paper discussing the potential for harm to children through pornographic materials available on the Internet. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Netporn.wps

Censoring Pornography on the Internet : A comprehensive 12 page discussion of Internet pornography, law, & society in which the author proposes (1) that morality on the Internet should be equal to morality in the "real world" and therefore (2) on-line censorship should be limited only to reflecting off-line laws. If some pictured act of sex is legal in a certain society then according to this argument, it should be legal on the 'net as well. Laws, logical arguments, and recent U.S. Supreme Court examples are analytically presented. Bibliography lists 7 sources. Intporn.wps

Internet Censorship and Unfairness : A relatively short, but detailed 7 page analysis of the unfairness of Internet censorship and the unconstitutionality the Communications Decency Act. The writer argues quite persuasively against censorship on the 'net. Bibliography lists 8 sources to support arguments. Intrntcn.wps

Regulation and The Internet : 9 pages in length. An insightful look at Internet regulation, decency, the F.C.C., and U.S. civil liberties since the passing of the Communications Decency Act (CDA). Relevant laws in other countries are examined as well. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Internre.wps

Shoot the Messenger : A 6 page essay comparing two articles on the topic of Internet censorship. The Communications Decency Act, as part of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, was signed into law in February, 1996. One of these articles was published in April, one in May of the same year, and both explore some of the implications that such censorship entails. In June of the same year, a panel of Federal judges blocked the law by labeling it unconstitutional, a move that will likely be in appeal for some time to come. Bibliography includes two sources, the full text of both sources is included. Censor.wps

The Implausibility Censorship On The Internet : This 5 page paper argues that even if lawmakers wanted to regulate pornography on the Internet, they would have difficulty doing so. This emerging topic in the telecommunications industry is important as not only does it touch on freedom of speech and child protection issues but it broaches on the very powerlessness of the governments around the world as they try to corral something that perhaps cannot be controlled. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Censin.wps

Internet vs. Freedom of Speech : A 40 page research paper on the Communications Decency Act, various laws of the European Union concerning censorship on the internet, and legal cases related to various issues. The writer details the law in the United States regarding Freedom of speech and the Internet, the Communications Decency Act and the recent court battles over its constitutionality, as well as international parallels to it. Bibliography lists 21 sources. Internfs.wps

The Impact Of Digital Imagery On Copyright Laws : A 10 page research paper on the complicated issue of how to alter copyright laws to protect digital imagery on the Internet and elsewhere. Bibliography included. Digimcop.wps

The Sony Bono Copyright Term Extension Act : A 35 page paper discussing the legality of the latest revision of the copyright law, passed in October, 1998. The Constitution specifically states that Congress is permitted to "promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries." This latest revision of the law neither promotes progress nor gives authors exclusive rights to their own work, but rather prevents works from reaching public domain for up to 95 years after publication. The paper argues that the newest revision of copyright law is unconstitutional, using the language and intent of the Constitution; practical examples of supposed infringement prior to passage of the most recent law; and previous Supreme Court rulings as support for the argument. Bibliography lists 15 sources. Copyract.wps

"Popeye is Not a Mickey Mouse Affair" : Arguments have existed suggesting that fictional characters cannot be copyrighted because they are an abstraction of the minds of the viewer and, therefore, can have no tangible existence outside the original work. Yet it is now recognized that both Popeye and Mickey Mouse receive copyright protection on the basis that they were sufficiently developed to command protection. This 12 page paper considers the issue of copyright laws as they have developed in Japan and reflects upon the notion that fictional characters like Mickey Mouse and Popeye have been "developed sufficiently to command protection." Bibliography lists 12 sources. Popmick.wps

Texas Instruments’ Legal Guards : 14 pages in length. Texas Instruments has been in the enviable position of holding the only semiconductor-specific patent addressing basic design. TI is extremely protective of their rights concerning the patent, and with good reason: semiconductor pursuits currently account for 84 percent of all of TI’s business, but the patent is set to expire in 2001. While the company pursues other avenues of business in search of products and processes that can take the revenue places of patent licensing, they also pursue every method of protecting the use of the patent until the final expiration, when it becomes public domain property. Bibliography lists 9 sources. Texasins.doc

The 14th Amendment and Women's Rights : A 7 page paper discussing the 14th amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The writer discusses the context of this amendment in current times as it relates to equality, women's rights, relevant social programs, etc; It is ultimately concluded that although the 14th amendment is the first step towards social reform, and equal rights for all citizens, it will be a long time before those discriminated against -- women, homosexuals, blacks, and other minorities -- are truly considered equal. Bibliography lists 7 sources. 14tham.wps

History of Women’s Rights in America : A 6 page paper discussing various women throughout American history that have influenced or fought for women’s rights. A discussion of Stanton and Anthony is illustrathed, describing some of the issues that revolved around the women’s convention of 1848. Stanton’s daughther also fought for women’s rights and is highlighthed within. The last woman to illustrathe the many gains achieved within the field of women’s rights, is Eleanor Roosevelt, who through her position and strength was able to gain some significant measures, or at least recognition, for women. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Hwram.wps

Megan's Law & The Privacy of Convicted Sex Offenders : 14 in-depth, comprehensive pages analyzing Megan's Law-- a model (and quite controversial) NJ statute which mandated that neighbors be notified when a child sex offender moves into their community. Writer examines the relevance of Megan's Law to similar Federal law and assesses both sides of the argument in this matter. The practicality and constitutionality of Megan's Law are evaluated based upon existing case law and landmark Supreme Court decisions. Bibliography lists 8 sources. Megan.wps

Sex Offender Registries : A 5 page paper on sex offender registries and Megan’s Law, how they affect the ex-cons and the legal and social problems associated with them, most notably civil rights vs. protection of children, and also the fact that the registers themselves are not perfect. The writer argues that although these problems exist, advocates say that even if one child's life is helped/saved, the Megan Law will have been worth it. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Sexreg.wps

Sexual Offenders : An 8 page paper involving a literature review of research conducted in the field of sexual offense. Issues addressed include socioeconomic notions, masturbation, drug therapy, testosterone levels, and previous experience with molestation as a child. All information illustrates that there is no single cause or reason behind the deviant behavior. Bibliography lists 20 sources. Sexoff.wps

Hate Crimes : In 17 pages the author presents an extensive overview of hate crimes. Many people would argue that there is a hate crime epidemic in the United States. In fact, they would consider it to be of epidemic proportions. Those that oppose crimes of hate also oppose other prejudices. Hate crime is criminal behavior that is motivated by racial, religious, ethnic, gender, sexual preference, or any other type of prejudice. Bibliography lists 15 sources. Hatcr4.wps

Should Hate be a Crime ? : A 9 page argumentative essay pertaining to "hate crimes" and whether or not enhanced criminal penalties should exist for those who commit them. Used as a constant reference is the relevant Supreme Court Case of R.A.V. vs. St. Paul and various tenets of the First Amendment. The writer concludes that free speech must be protected at virtually any cost in the U.S. even if it means that hate speech and "hate crimes" will continue to cost lives. Hatecrim.wps

Should Burning the Flag be a Crime ? : A 4 page essay in which the writer argues that although thematically disrespectful, a 'flag burning amendment' is merely an example of national insecurity, not patriotism. It is asserted that more important rights precede such an amendment and that there is no viable reason to punish people for burning the American flag as an act of free expression. The flag is a symbol of freedom but it, in itself, is not freedom. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Flagburn.wps

Why Not Burn the Flag ? : An 8 page argumentative report against allowing the burning of the American flag. In 1989, the Supreme Court overturned both the conviction of Gregory (Joey) Johnson and the laws under which he was convicted for burning a flag in Dallas during the 1984 Republican National Convention. The Supreme Court cited the Constitution’s protection of free speech under the First Amendment, but astute authors (and citizens) noted that there was usually little, if any, speech involved in burning a flag. The position taken in the paper is that other avenues, including speech, are available for those unhappy with the state of the country. Bibliography lists numerous sources. Burning.wps

Descration of the Flag : A 5 page paper that supports the development of a constitutional amendment against the desecration of the flag. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Descflag.wps

Must We Salute the American Flag ? : 4 pages (including 1pg. outline) discussing whether or not Americans should be obligated to salute the flag. The case of Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf is used briefly to argue that the very freedoms the flag is said to represent should inherently allow us to ignore its symbolic existence if we so choose. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Flagsalu.wps

The Emancipation Proclamation & Plessy v. Ferguson : A 5 page paper discussing the potential problems generated by the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation. The writer argues that Lincoln released the paper as an interventional measure to try and ensure that slavery was stopped without changing the inalienable rights of all U.S. citizens provided by the Constitution. His attempt was ambiguous and unsuccessful, however. On the other hand, it may be the Declaration of Independence that promoted the idea of separate rights for separate races and genders that still afflicts equality in America. The debate continues.... Bibliography lists 6 sources. Constlaw.doc

Abortion Legislation (1992-1996) : 4 pages in length. A case study in abortion legislation from 1992 - 1996 (beginning just after the Supreme Court's Casey ruling). The writer reviews acts of legislation that have occurred all over the United Since ever since. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Legisl.wps

Litigation & Its Effect On Special Education : A 3 page paper which discusses three Supreme Court cases which were pertinent to the All Handicapped Children’s Act (P.L. 94-142) and the subsequent 1986 Regular Education Initiative implemented by Assistant Secretary of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, Madeline Will. Bibliography lists six sources. Litspe.wps

Posse Comitatus / Sociopolitical Vigilantes : An 11 page research paper on Posse Comitatus -- a Latin term denoting a sociopolitical movement which began in the late 1960's. Adherents to this particular brand of thinking feel that they are not bound to obey any authority figure higher than the county Sheriff. Paying income tax, making social security payments, and using license plates and driving licenses violate the inherent principles of this group. The writer outlines the group's history, Federal efforts to stop them, and specifically examines the role of Common Law, Constitutional Law upon which the Posse's arguments are based, and the Posse Comitatus Act developed after the Civil War --almost in expectation of such a group's forthcoming. A Bibliography lists 9 sources. Possecom.wps

The Work of a Supreme Court Justice (Samuel Nelson) : A 6 page biography of U.S. Supreme Court Justice Samuel Nelson (1792-1873). The paper is mostly a detailed discussion of Nelson's time serving the Court and the major decisions in which he was involved. Included among these was The Prize Case of 1863, the Siren Case, Ex parte Vallandigham, ex parte Milligan, and Georgia v. Stanton. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Justinel.wps

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. / Abstract Principles vs Social Desire : A 5 page overview of the legal philosophies of Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes and how his views related to those of the Progressive Reform Movement. Bibliography lists 4 sources. Holmesow.wps

Supreme Court Justice, David Souter : Souter is looked at through his dissent on Agostini v. Felton, a 1997 decision involving the separation of church and state. This 5 page paper discusses the man and the judge and speculates on the reasons why he might have taken the stance upholding the Constitutional protection of religious freedom. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Souter.wps

The Conflict Between Credit Unions and Banks / U.S. Supreme Court Level :  This 6 page paper describes the ensuing conflict and how it evolved. Issues of self-interest and regulation are briefly discussed as are suggestions for how the situation could or could have been resolved. Bibliography lists 5 sources. Creditu.wps

National Security & Constitutional Issues : This 8 page paper looks at the strengths and weaknesses of the American government as they relate to the pursuit of national security objectives. Highlighted is a discussion on scientific data as well as the effect of the Internet on the continuing struggle to achieve a balance between individual rights and the physical and financial well being of the nation. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Natsec.wps

Women and the Supreme Court : This 9 page paper focuses on the role of women in the legal profession. The paper attempts to answer the question as to why there are less female judgeships in the higher courts of the Untied States. Explanations revolve around general issues of women’s rights and equality. The political climate of various administrations, particularly those of Reagan and Clinton, are the focus. Sandra Day O’Connor and Ruth Bader Ginsburg are portrayed as role models. Bibliography lists more than a dozen sources.Womsupr.wps

Charles Beard's Economic Interpretation of the U.S. Constitution : A 5 page paper on Charles Beard's economic interpretation of the U.S. Constitution. The paper discusses background philosophy, economic background of the nation during the formation years, Hamilton's contributions and Madison's contribution. Bibliography includes one source. Chbeard.wps

U.S. Constitution / Book Reviews : 6 page comparison of two texts dealing with the U.S. constitution; "The Clash of Issues" by Burkhart, Krislov and Lee and "Democracy Under Pressure" by Cummings and Wise. Authors touch on such subjects as the framework of democracy, the Federal system, American Civil liberties, and political parties. Constbok.wps

U.S. Law & Hypothetical Case Decisions : 6 pages worth of short essay answers to hypothetical law cases; Some of the concepts discussed in these essays include : torts, malicious prosecution, Federal health care regulations, and the Constitution's 'Necessary and Proper' clause. The cases themselves are not available. No Bibliography. Lawexam.wps

In Defense Of American Liberties : 5 pages in length. Samuel Walker's In Defense of American Liberties: A History of the ACLU demonstrates the strengths, weaknesses and changes implemented by the American Civil Liberties Union over the past century. Its in-depth and detailed, if not sometimes strong and emotional, depiction gives the reader a sense of reality with regard to how it was -- and still is -- to fight for one's inherent freedoms. The writer discusses Walker's interpretation of how the ACLU climbed up from the ranks to become the most respected civil liberties organization. Bibliography lists 3 sources. Walker3.wps

What Is Wrong With Voting Methods ? : In 5 pages the author discusses the different voting methods used. "Voting in the United States is not as simple as it would seem. The outcome of the election depends on the method used in voting. Of all the methods of voting, there is not one that satisfies all of the conditions of fairness." Bibliography lists 6 sources. Votemeth.wps

The Electoral College : In 5 pages the author addresses the subject of the electoral college. "The electoral college is widely misunderstood, and to some it is an archaic means of electing a president and vice president. The electoral college has stipulations in the constitution that most people are not aware of. There are some that feel that the electoral college in its present form will cause a president to become elected who was not the winner by popular vote." Bibliography lists 4 sources. Electcol.wps

The Impeachment Process / Its Applicability in the Clinton Case : This 6 page paper examines the process of impeachment as a part of Constitutional law. Discussion of the definition of perjury as well as the applicability of the impeachment process is discussed in light of the Clinton scandal. The paper concludes that impeachment should be sought in the case examined. Bibliography lists 6 sources Impeach.wps

Arguments Against The Impeachment Of President Bill Clinton : This 10 page report discusses the controversy surrounding the possible impeachment of U.S. President Bill Clinton (written in November of 1998). The writer takes a strong position against instituting the impeachment process and presents arguments to support that viewpoint. Bibliography lists 6 sources. Agaimp.wps

Impeachment Focus / "High Crimes and Misdemeanors" : A 12 page research paper exploring the issue of the impeachment of President Bill Clinton. The writer looks at the history of other impeachment processes and makes comparisons between them, and explores the Constitutional provisions in Article II, Section 4 covering impeachment in relationship to the current proceedings. The writer defers to that definition. Bibliography lists 22 sources. Cnimpeach.wps

Two Credit Union Articles/ Review : A 5 page paper discussing reviewing the possibilities of a case before the Supreme Court that would tighten membership rules for federal credit unions, eliminating many current credit union members. Credit unions consistently charge less interest for loans and pay more interest on savings, and the banks caught in the fever and expense of merger mania are seeking legal means to regain the customers the credit unions won through service and lower cost—i.e., competition. Bibliography lists 2 sources. Credart.wps

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